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iamb/ iambic foot

curve, dash

trochee/ trochaic foot

dash, curve

anapest/ anapestic foot

curve, curve, dash

dactyl/dactylic foot

dash, curve, curve

spondee/spondaic foot

dash dash

monosyllabic foot

dash

masculine ending

the usual ending on the iambic foot

masculine rhyme

rhyme on the last syllable of a line, the most common rhyme in english

feminine ending

an extra unstressed syllable at the end of a metrical line

feminine rhyme

a rhyme of both the stressed and unstressed syllables of one feminine ending with another

meter

the measured pulse of poetry, gives poetry rythm

monometer

1 foot

dimeter

2 feet

trimeter

3 feet

tetrameter

4 feet

pentameter

5 feet

hexameter

6 feet

heptameter

7 feet (rare)

octameter

8 feet

monostich

1 line stanza

couplet

2 line stanza

tercet

3 line stanza

quatrain

4 line stanza

quintain

5 line stanza

sestet

6 line stanza

septet

7 line stanza

octave

8 line stanza

most common # of lines in stanza

quatrain (4)

rhyme scheme

pattern of rhyming

rising meter & what line at beg

last syllable of foot stressed-curve

falling meter & what line at beg

beginning of foot stressed-dash

pyrrhic foot

curve, curve

olfactory imagery

smell

organic imagery

internal sensation

kinesthetic imagery

movement

synecdoche

using a part to describe a whole

apostrophe

adresses subject of poet

cacophony

harsh letters, d, t, k

euphony

soft letters, m, l,s

triple rhyme

last three syllables rhyme

two successive rhyming verses completing a thought

heroic couplet

three line stanza with interwoven rhyme scheme

terza rhyme

five line stanza, AABBA

limerick

four line stanza, ABCB

ballad

seven line stanza, ABABBCC

royal rime

italian stanza

ottava rima

nine line stanza

spenserian

14 line stanza in iambic pentameter

sonnet

14 line stanza

petrarchan

14 line quatrain and couplet

shakespearean

3 classifications of poems

narrative, lyric, dramatic

epic

long, speaking of hero

metrical romance

adventure, romantic

metrical tale

narrative told in first person

ballad

sung, repeated chorus

folk ballad

passed down orally

elegy

death, lamenting poem

ode

long, serious poem

sonnet

about love

complaint

loss of love

opera

poetry to music

musical comedy

pop entertainment

dramatic monologue

single character speaking to audience

dramatic dialogue

conversation shared through poetic format

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