Nerves of the head, face, and neck

21 terms by mrsclaudia

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fifth cranial nerve

also known as the trifacial or trigeminal nerve; the largest of the cranial nerves; it is the chief sensory nerve of the face, and serves as the motor nerve of the muscles that control chewing

three branches

ophthalmic, mandibular, and maxillary

Auriculotemporal nerve

affects the external ear and skin above the temple, up to the top of the skull

Infraorbital nerve

affects the skin of the lower eyelid, side of the nose, upper lip, and mouth

Infratrochlear nerve

Affects Membrane and skin of nose is

Mental nerve

affects the skin of the lower lip and chin

Nasal nerve

affects the point and lower side of the nose

Supraorbital nerve

nerve that affects the skin of the forehead, scalp, eyebrow, and upper eyelid

Supratrochlear nerve

nerve that affects the skin between the eyes and the upper side of the nose

Zygomatic nerve

affects the muscles of the upper part of the cheek

SEVENTH (facial) CRANIAL NERVE

is the chief motor nerve of the face, it emerges near the lower part of the ear and extends to the muscles of the neck

Posterior auricular nerve

affects the muscles behind the ear and at the base of the skull

Temporal nerve

nerve that affects the muscles of the temple, side of forehead, eyebrows, eyelid, and upper part of the cheek

Zygomatic nerve

affects the muscles of the upper part of the cheek

Buccal nerve

affects the muscles of the month

Marginal mandibular nerve

affects the muscles of the chin and lower lip

Cervical nerves

Affect the side of the neck and the platyma muscle; originates at the spinal cord, and their branches supply the muscles and scalp at the back of the head and neck

Greater occipital nerve

located in the back of the head, affects the scalp as far up as the top of the head

Smaller (lesser) occipital nerve

nerve located at the base of the skull, affecting the scalp and muscles behind the ear

Greater auricular nerve

located at the side of the neck, affects the face, ears, neck, and parotid gland

Cervical cutaneous nerve

Located at the side of the neck, affects the front and sides of the neck as far down as the breastbone

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