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More suckage.

Endocrine Glands

Ductless. Produce hormone and release into surrounding tissues

Autocrine Glands

Affects same cells that secrete them

Paracrine Glands

Affects other cells than the ones that secrete them

Hormones

Regulate metabolic functioning of cells

Rise

Alpha cells create glucigon which cause blood sugar levels to

Lower

Beta cells create insulin causing blood sugar levels to

Adrenal Cortex and Adrenal Abdulla

The two parts of the adrenal gland

Paraphaliphial cells (C cells)

Are a source of calcitonin, which decreases blood calcium levels

Effects of thyroid hormone

Controls basil metabolic rate, helps with metabolism, and helps with neural development and functioning

Growth hormone

stimulates growth - liver, bone, muscles

Thyroid stimulating hormone

releases the thyroid hormone - thyroid gland

Adrenocorticotropic hormone

releases glucocorticoids and androgens - adrenal cortex

Follicle-stimulating hormone

estrogen production and sperm production - ovaries and testes

Luteinizing hormone

triggers ovulation and promotes estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone production - ovaries and testes

Prolactin

Promotes lacktation - breast tissue

Oxytocin

causes contractions, induces labor, and initiates milk ejection - Uterus

Antidiuretic hormone

reabsorbs water - kidney

Adrenocortical hormones

mineralocorticoids and glucocortocoids (aldosterone and cortisol)

Adrenal Medullary Hormones

Catecholamines (epinephrine and norepinephrine)

Adipose tissue - Leptin

supresses appetite and increases energy expenditure - brain

Heart - Atrial natriuretic peptide

inhibits sodium reabsorption and decreases blood pressure - kidney

Kidney - Erythropoietin

stimulates production of red blood cells - red bone marrow

Kidney - Renin

Returns blood pressure to normal

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