Ductless. Produce hormone and release into surrounding tissues
Affects same cells that secrete them
Affects other cells than the ones that secrete them
Regulate metabolic functioning of cells
Alpha cells create glucigon which cause blood sugar levels to
Beta cells create insulin causing blood sugar levels to
Adrenal Cortex and Adrenal Abdulla
The two parts of the adrenal gland
Paraphaliphial cells (C cells)
Are a source of calcitonin, which decreases blood calcium levels
Effects of thyroid hormone
Controls basil metabolic rate, helps with metabolism, and helps with neural development and functioning
stimulates growth - liver, bone, muscles
Thyroid stimulating hormone
releases the thyroid hormone - thyroid gland
releases glucocorticoids and androgens - adrenal cortex
estrogen production and sperm production - ovaries and testes
triggers ovulation and promotes estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone production - ovaries and testes
Promotes lacktation - breast tissue
causes contractions, induces labor, and initiates milk ejection - Uterus
reabsorbs water - kidney
mineralocorticoids and glucocortocoids (aldosterone and cortisol)
Adrenal Medullary Hormones
Catecholamines (epinephrine and norepinephrine)
Adipose tissue - Leptin
supresses appetite and increases energy expenditure - brain
Heart - Atrial natriuretic peptide
inhibits sodium reabsorption and decreases blood pressure - kidney
Kidney - Erythropoietin
stimulates production of red blood cells - red bone marrow
Kidney - Renin
Returns blood pressure to normal
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