Psychology Ch. 3

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d. unconscious mental activity

The simultaneous processing of information on many parallel tracks is most closely associated with

a.REM rebound.
b.sleep apnea.
c.narcolepsy.
d.unconscious mental activity.

b. selective attention

Drivers detect traffic signals more slowly if they are also talking on a cell phone. This best illustrates the impact of

a.delta waves.
b.selective attention.
c.hypnagogic sensations.
d.neuroadaptation.

c. the circadian rhythm

Staying up especially late on weekends is most likely to have an influence on

a.narcolepsy.
b.sleep apnea.
c.the circadian rhythm.
d.dissociation.

c. Stage 4

Sleepwalking is most likely to be associated with ________ sleep.

a.Stage 2
b.Stage 3
c.Stage 4
d.REM

d. REM

A recurring sleep stage during which most vivid dreams commonly occur is known as ________ sleep.

a.Stage 2
b.Stage 3
c.Stage 4
d.REM

d. sleep apnea

Which of the following sleep disorders is most strongly associated with obesity?

a.narcolepsy
b.insomnia
c.night terrors
d.sleep apnea

c. Freud's wish-fulfillment

The distinction between manifest content and latent content is central to ________ theory of dreams.

a.the activation-synthesis
b.the memory consolidation
c.Freud's wish-fulfillment
d.Hilgard's dissociation

d. false memories

Court systems frequently ban testimony from witnesses who have been hypnotized because the procedure often encourages

a.parallel processing.
b.hallucinations.
c.narcolepsy.
d.false memories.

c. hypnotic pain relief

Dissociation has been used as an explanation for

a.narcolepsy.
b.paradoxical sleep.
c.hypnotic pain relief.
d.the near-death experience

b. hypnosis

Social influence explanations and divided-consciousness explanations are converging toward a unified account of

a.REM rebound.
b.hypnosis.
c.neuroadaptation.
d.the pop-out phenomenon.

c. tolerance

As drug users experience neuroadaptation, they demonstrate signs of

a.dissociation.
b.narcolepsy.
c.tolerance.
d.hallucinations

b. most of America's ex-smokers were able to kick the habit on their own

Research on addictive drugs most clearly indicates that

a.the medical use of morphine to control pain typically leads to addiction.
b.most of America's ex-smokers were able to kick the habit on their own.
c.addictions to narcotic drugs cannot be overcome without professional treatment programs.
d.those who occasionally use marijuana will almost always develop an addiction to this drug.

a. decreasing REM sleep

Alcohol consumption disrupts the processing of recent experiences into long-term memory by

a.decreasing REM sleep.
b.increasing anxiety.
c.decreasing sleep apnea.
d.increasing self-consciousness.

d. decrease; increase

Nicotine triggers a(n) ________ in anxiety and a(n) ________ in mental alertness.

a.increase; decrease
b.increase; increase
c.decrease; decrease
d.decrease; increase

a. LSD

The experience of vivid geometric images and dreamlike scenes is most likely to be triggered by

a.LSD.
b.heroin.
c.Nembutal.
d.amphetamines

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