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Ethnicity is important because

it is a bulwark for diversity in the face of the globalization of culture.

Elements of nationalism include all but

political structure.

The concept that nationalities have the right to govern themselves is known as the right of

self-determination.

Denmark is a good example of a nation-state because

nearly all Danes speak Danish and live in Denmark.

Which of the following is not a strong centripetal force in the United States?

the many ethnic groups living in the United States

Loyalty and devotion to a state that represents a particular group's culture is

nationalism.

What was apartheid?

the geographic separation of races in South Africa

South Africa is the only state in southern Africa that

first elected a Black as president during the 1990s.

Balkanization refers to

the breakdown of a state due to conflicts among nationalities.

The breakup of Yugoslavia during the 1990s was caused by
.

rivalries among nationalities.

The most important centripetal force in Yugoslavia before its breakup was the

unit of currency.

Most Africans shipped as slaves were sent to

South America.

As part of the triangular slave trade system, ships bound for Europe carried

rum and molasses.

After World War II ended, millions of people were forced to migrate because of

changes in the boundaries of states.

One reason for forced migration in Ethiopia was the

civil war with the Eriteans.

Large-scale migration occurred in South Asia after 1947 primarily because of the

separation of religious groups.

Which of the following is not an element of cultural diversity?

race

The most numerous ethnicity in the United States is

Latinos/Hispanics.

African Americans are clustered in what area of the United States?

Southeast

Asian Americans are clustered in what area of the United States?

West

Latinos and Hispanics are clustered in what areas of the United States?

West, Southwest

Los Angeles has what kind of ethnic distribution?

clustered

The largest Hispanic/Latino groups in the United States are from which two countries?

Puerto Rico and Mexico

The largest proportion of Asian Americans are from

China.

Native Americans and Alaska Natives make up what percentage of the total United States population?

1

Ethnic identity for descendants of European immigrants is primarily preserved through

religion and food.

Which is the most dramatic change in the geographic distribution of African Americans in the United States?

relocation to northern cities

From 1910 to 1950, population density of African Americans in ghettos

increased.

Race is

self-identification with a group sharing a biological ancestor.

Which does the United States Census Bureau not consider a race?

Hispanic/Latino

The "separate but equal" doctrine was legally established by

Plessy v. Ferguson.

People who were restricted by covenants in deeds included all but

Caucasians.

White flight is

emigration of Whites from an area Blacks were anticipated to move to.

Neighborhood changes in ethnicity are best explained by the promoting of

blockbusting.

A nation or nationality is

a group of people tied to a place through legal status and tradition

In the United States, which is shared by all Americans?

nationality

Nation-states in Europe were formed

by drawing boundaries.

Traditionally the most important unit of African society was the

tribe.

The former Soviet Union used which as the primary centripetal device?

language

Which describes the nationality of the United Kingdom?

British

Ethnicities in the same country come into conflict when

they have traditions of self-rule.

Sri Lanka has continuing ethnic conflict between

Sinhalese Buddhists and Tamil Hindus.

A nationality is typically distinguished by all but which of the following?

sovereignty

48)

Conflict over territory in the Middle East is strongest for

Palestine.

Until it was forced to withdraw its troops in 2005, most of Lebanon was controlled by

Syria.

The Lebanese civil war resulted when the country broke down because of

changes in the majority between religious groups.

The process when a group forcibly removes another group is called

ethnic cleansing.

As Sudan's religion-based civil war was winding down, an ethnic war erupted in the region of

Darfur.

Globalization has effected Africa in all but

ethnicty

Why is Slovenia a good example of a nation-state that was carved from the former Yugoslavia?

most of the residents of Slovenia are Slovenes

What concept united Eritrea's nine major ethnic groups after gaining independence from Ethiopia?

national identity

Which of these nations can be defined as a multinational state?

United Kingdom

Countries in the Middle East with long traditions of nationality include all but

Israel.

What are the six major ethnic groups of Somalia called?

clans

Within a country, clustering of ethnicities can occur at two scales. What are the two scales?

region and neighborhood

Israel captured four territories during the Six Day War of 1967. The only one of these territories returned to the country from which it was captured is the

Sinai Peninsula

People were forced to migrate in South Asia during the 1940s because of linguistic disputes.

False

Nation-states in Europe were formed by nationalities.

True

Israel is an ethnically homogeneous country.

False

Clustering of ethnicities is most pronounced at the neighborhood level in the United States.

True

Ethnic groups in the United States are cooperative.

False

69)

Slavery has occurred around the world though it has been abolished in the United States.

True

The U.S. Civil War was fought to keep eight pro-slavery Southern states from seceding from the Union.

False

African American northward migration followed the major U.S. highways.

True

The term ghettos identifies only the African American neighborhoods in the United States.

False

Asian, White, Black, Native American, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander are all terms of self-identification.

True

Detroit subsidized African American immigration from the South which alleviated tensions and maintained the ethnic mix.

False

Nationalism is an important example of a centrifugal force.

False

Denmark is a completely homogeneous nation-state.

False

Ethnicities can be transformed into nationalities.

True

Nationality is the biggest source of conflict in the world today.

True

The Balkan states broke down because of ethnic conflict, which might end in peace through the tragedy of ethnic cleansing.

True

17 million people forced to migrate in South Asia in the late 1940s because of the partition of India and Pakistan on the basis of religious conflict.

True

Asian Americans are clustered in California, Hawaii and Maine.

False

African Americans are clustered in northern cities.

True

Alaska Natives are clustered in Texas.

False

Native Americans are clustered in the southwest and plains.

True

Russia fought to prevent Chechnya from gaining independence because Russia feared other ethnicities would also attempt independence and they didn't want to lose large deposits of oil.

True

Cultural self-identification in the United States includes ethnicity, race, religion, and religion.

True

Slavery is a kind of voluntary migration.

False

When apartheid ended in Kenya, Nelson Mandela became the first black to be elected president.

False

Collectively the nationality of all groups who live in the UK is English.

False

A nation-state is the most stable state, because the boundaries of the state follow those of the nationality.

True

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