Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, and Zealots

32 terms by KATHYBLACK 

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Pharisee

embraced progressive ideas

Pharisee

believed in a coming judgement day

Pharisee

believe in ressurection of the dead

Pharisee

believe in rewards for the righteous and punishment for the sinners

Pharisee

believe in the future life of the soul

Pharisee

believe in the existence of angels, demons, and other spirits

Pharisee

devoted to keeping the faith of their fathers alive

Pharisee

experts in applying Mosaic law to EVERY facet of life

Pharisee

largely controlled the synagogues

Pharisee

as a group they pursued a high standard of religious dedication and personal righteousness

Sadducees

conservative, aristocratic group

Sadducees

followed a policy of cooperation with the Romans who occupied Palestine

Sadducees

many were wealthy land owners

Sadducees

they had considerable prestige and influence in Jewish religious life

Sadducees

served as officiating priests in Jerusalem at the Temple

Sadducees

their friendship with Romans helps to manipulate political affairs

Sadducees

they did not accept the oral law of the Pharisees

Sadducees

they did not accept ideas of a coming judgement day, resurrection of the dead, after life, angels of demons

Sadducees

they did not survive the first Christian century

Sadducees

After the destruction of the Temple in 70 AD by the Romans, this group will be reduced to insignificance

Essenes

rejected mainstream Judaism and its Temple worship as hopelessly corrupt

Essenes

withdrew to desert communities

Essenes

meditated, studied and copied scriptures while disciplining themselves to await the coming Messiah

Essenes

most lived in monastic communities

Essenes

avoided trade and symbols of wealth

Essenes

austere, hardworking existence

Essenes

emphasized prayer and the immediate appearance of the Messiah, the end of the world and a new covenant

Zealots

intensely patriotic group

Zealots

advocated the violent overthrow of Roman control

Zealots

looking for a strong-armed Messiah who would restore Judah's kingdom to its former power and prestige

Zealots

not organized as a specific political party until 63 AD when they attempted to drive the Romans from Palestine

Zealots

According to Josephus, it was THIS groups refusal to surrender (even after Jerusalem had been captured) that compelled the Romans to destory the Temple.

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