Accordig to the text, over time, cohabitation has become
More popular/ Mainstream
What contributes to young adults continuing to live with their parents or to move back home?
Extended education, delayed marriage, high housing costs and other financial pressures/Personal Decorating Pref.
Family togetherness, stability and loyalty are all examples of
When persons think in terms of seeking primarily personal - as opposed to communal or group - happiness and goals, this reflects which orientation?
Parents, especially, and siblings and other relatives are usually highly influential in developing a child's ____________ or that child's sense of worth and value.
Self - Concept
The text points out that families create, store, preserve, and pass on particular objects, events, or rituals that members consider relevant to them. This refers to which function of the family?
Over the last five years, the proportion of children living in single parent families has:
Compared to the recent past, children are _______ likely to live with a grandparent today.
Data from a longitudinal study suggests that, since the 1970's an earlier upward trend in individualism has:
reversed-- and after "historical trend is toward greater collectivism"
A person who believed in the "family decline" theory might say what?
increased age of first marriage, divorce, cohabitation, non marital births and decline of fertility is disastrous for the family.
Family diversity has progressed to the point that there is:
an intrinsic feature rather than a temporary aberration of contemporary family life
We live in a society characterized by _________ change, including increased ethic, economic, and family diversity
Realistic flavor and vivid detail are most likely to be found in which type of research method?
According to the text, one disadvantage of survey research is:
may miss points respondents see as important
respondents have a tendency to say what they think they should say
respondents may forget the past
in the contemporary version of evolutionary theory, it is the survival of one's genes, termed_____________ that is important.
The __________ perspective has its roots in Charles Darwin's principle of the survival of the fittest.
Sociobiology and evolutional psychology are alternate terms for which perspective?
The conflict and feminist perspectives call attention to ______ within groups including families - and within the larger society
The __________ perspective looks at the family as a whole; for change to occur, the family system as a whole must change
According to the exchange theory, the partner with less commitment to the
relationship is the one who has more power, including the power to exploit the other.
This concept is identified as:
principle of least interest
According to the interactionist theoretical perspective, ______________ is how
children begin to learn behavior appropriate to the roles they may play in adult life.
role - taking
The question of how two previously separate individuals come together and over time create a shared view of themselves as a couple would be best answered using which perspective?
Suppose that a law states: "The husband is the head of the household. As such, he will establish a place and a mode of living and the wife must conform thereto. The husband must support his wife and minor children out of his labor. The wife must assist him insofar as she is able." This hypothetical law is consistent with the focus of which theoretical perspective?
feminist theory----structure functional
The structure-functional theoretical perspective views the family as performing which three important functions?
1. To raise children responsibly
2. To provide economic support
3. To give emotional support
The view that the family is an enduring social institution because of the important tasks it performs for society - reproduction, emotional support, socialization of children - is the __________ perspective.
structure - function
For Muslims, dating, marital choice, childrearing, the employment of women, dress,
and marital decision-making are all __________ issues.
In comparison with Protestants, Catholics tend to be more __________ in their
At present, __________ are the numerical majority in the United States
In Miller's typology of Native American families, __________ families have lost
Indian culture and are becoming assimilated to the white working class.
Among American Indians, compare cohabitation versus marriage.
higher rate of cohabitation and lower percent of married couples
__________ are most likely of all minority groups to be caring for older family
Some immigrant parents have been separated from their children, leaving them
behind in the care of relatives for long periods, thus engaging in:
Immigrants and children of immigrants now compose about __________ of the U.S.
According to recent estimates, there are __________ million undocumented immigrants residing in the United States.
__________ have a tradition of informal marriage.
Binational families are those in which:
Members of the nuclear family have different legal statuses
One possible explanation for the lower marriage rates of African Americans is/are:
economic, sex ratio
According to the text, marriages of the future may contain "equally dependent
model in which both spouses are earners as well as family care takers and dependent on their common earnings as basis of family life
The 1994 Gender Equity Act declares girls a(n) "__________ population."
The text observes that all of the gender socialization theories discussed:
all seem plausible, but none has conclusive research support
The process by which society influences members to internalize attitudes and expectations is called:
Genetic heritage is expressed through __________ processes.
Evolutionary perspectives stress that stratification and the division of labor in society shape gender roles. In this view, it is __________ that produce the gendered behavior we see.
After various factors associated with earnings are taken into account, research finds a
varying, but perhaps as much as a _______ , differential in earnings that is usually
attributed to discrimination.
Cross-culturally and historically, it appears that ___________ societies have been
characterized by some degree of male dominance.
In 2006, employed women earned __________ percent of what employed men did
One hypothesis which is replacing the usual assumption of gender differences "holds
that males and females are similar on most, but not all, psychological variables". This
theory is called the:
Gender simularities hypothesis
The preeminence of the male provider role is a powerful theme in __________ racial
According to the text, more and more women are entering nontraditional occupations
A feminine expectation that has emerged over the past twenty years is that of the
"__________ woman": independent, ambitious, and self-confident.