World Geography Ch. 1-2

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32 terms · Ch. 1-4 of World Geography

geography

the study of the world, its people, and the landscapes they create

landscape

the human and physical features that make a place unique

social science

a field that studies people and the relationships among them

region

a part of the world with one or more common features distinguishing it from surrounding areas

map

a flat drawing that shows part of Earth's surface

globe

a spherical model of the entire planet

absolute location

a specific description of where a place is

relative location

a general description of where a place is

enviornment

an area's land, water, climate, plants and animals, and other physical features

physical geography

the study of the world's physical features, such as landforms, bodies of water, climate, soils, and plants

human geography

the study of the world's people, communities, and landscapes

cartography

the science of making maps

meterology

the study of weather and what causes it

solar energy

energy from the sun

rotation

one complete spin of Earth on its axis

revolution

one trip of Earth around the sun

latitude

the distance north or south of Earth's equator

tropics

regions close to the equator

freshwater

water without salt

glacier

large area of slow moving ice

surface water

water that is stored in Earth's streams, rivers and lakes

precipitation

water that falls to Earth's surface as rain, snow, sleet, or hail

groundwater

water found beneath Earth's surface

water vapor

water that occurs in the air as an invisible gas

water cycle

the circulation of water from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back

drought

a long period of lower-than-normal precipitation

landforms

shapes on Earth's surface, such as hills or mountains

continents

large landmasses

lava

magma or liquid rock that reaches Earth's surface

earthquake

sudden, violent movements of Earth's crust

weathering

the process of breaking rock into smaller pieces

erosion

the movement of sediment from one location to another

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