chapter 4

86 terms by mynameisbrittanyjayne 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

orgin

point at which a muscle begins

oblique

muscle name that means slanted or at an angle

flexion

to bend a limb at the joint

pronation

motion turns the palm of the hand downward or backward

dorsiflexion

bend the foot upward at the ankles

triceps

muscle is formed into three divisions

myocardial

type of muscle forms the muscular wall of the heart

abduction

means to move away from the midline

polymyositis

muscle disease characterized by the simultaneous inflammation and weakening of voluntary muscles in many parts

tenotomy

the surgical division of a tendon for relief of a deformity caused be abnormal shortening of a muscle

dystonia

abnormal condition of muscle tone that causes the impairment of voluntary muscle movement

hemiplegia

condition is the total paralysis

elevation

the act of raising the ribs when breathing in

hypokinesia

abnormally decreased motor function or activity

contracture

the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues

fascioplasty

surgical repair of a fascia

carpal tunnel syndrome

occurs when the median nerve is compressed as it passes through the narrow area in the wrist

tenodesis

means to suture the ends of a tendon to a bone

spasmodic torticollis

stiff neck due to spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles that pull the head toward the affected side

ergonomics

the study of human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment

electromyography

diagnostic test records the strength of muscle contractions

myotonia

a neuromuscular disorder characterized by the slow relaxation of the muscles after a voluntary contraction

atropy

weakness and wasting away caused by disuse of the muscle over a long period of time

myoparesis

a weakeness of slight muscular paralysis

myocele

protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath

rotation

circular movement around an axis, such as the shoulder joint

chronic fatigue syndrome (cfs)

a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that is not improve by bed res and may be made worse by physical or mental activity

psychiatrist

a physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation

adduction

movement toward the mid-line of the body

tenodynia

pain in a tendon also known as tenalgia

spasm

sudden, involuntary contraction of one or more muscles

myofascial

specialized soft tissue manipulation technique used to ease the pain of conditions such as fibromyalgia

epicondylitis

inflammation of the tissues surronding the elbow

circumduction

the circular movement of the limb at the far end

myolysis

the degeneration of muscle tissue

intermitten claudication

pain in the leg muscles that occurs during exercise and is relieved by rest

myorrhexis

rupture or tearing of a muscle

hypotonia

condition in which there is diminished tone of the skeletal muscles

paraplegia

paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body

singultus

medical term for hiccups

electroneuromyography

testing and recording neuromuscular activity by the electric stimulation of nerves

myomalacia

abnormal softening of muscle

tenorrhaphy

surgical sulfuring together of the divided

achilles tendonitis

painful inflammation of the achilles tendon caused by excessive stress being placed

adhesion

band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally

compartment syndrome

involves the compression of the nerves and blood vessels due to swelling withing the enclosed space created by the fascia that separates groups of muscles

bradykinesia

the condition of extreme slowness in movement

tenolysis

procedure of freeing a tendon from adhesions

cardioplegia

paralysis of the heart, also known as cardiac arrest

skeletal muscles

also known as striated muscles because of their striped apperance

muscle pair

muscles work in opposition to each other

fascilitis

inflammation of a fascia

Impingement syndrome

occurs when inflamed and swollen tendons are caught in the narrow space between the bones withing the shoulder joint

insertion

the place where the muscle ends

sarcopenia

age-related reduction in skeletal muscle mass in the elderly

hyperkinesia

abnormally increase muscle function or activity

heel spurs

hardened deposits in the plantar fascia that can be one of the causes of plantar fascilitis

shin splint

pain caused by muscle tearing awat from the tibia

paralysis

the loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movements through disease or injury to its nerve supply

antispasmodic

administered to suppress smooth muscle contractions of the stomach

fascia

the sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, supports, and separates muscles or groups of muscles

abduction

moves away from the midline

adduction

moves toward the midline

flexion

bends a joint

extension

straightens a joint

pronation

turns the palm downward

circumduction

turns at the far end

depression

lowers a body part

elevation

raises a body part

rotation

turns a bone on its own axis

supination

turns the palm upward

lateralis

towards the side

oblique

at an angle

rectus

straight

sphincter

ringlike muscle

transverse

crosswise direction

external

near the surface

internal

deeper location

laterlis

toward the side

maximus

largest muscle

medialis

toward the midline

biceps

formed from two muscle divisions

insertion

where a muscle ends

origin

where a muscle begins

quadriceps

formed from four muscle divisions

triceps

formed from three muscles divisions

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set