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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. withdrawal
  2. insomnia
  3. circadian rhythm
  4. depressants
  5. hallucinations
  1. a false sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the absence of an external visual stimulus
  2. b the discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the use of an addictive drug
  3. c drugs (such as alcohol, barbiturates, and opiates) that reduce neural activity and slow body functions
  4. d recurring problems in falling or staying asleep
  5. e the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of temperature and wakefulness) that occur on a 24-hour cycle

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Hilgard's term describing a hypnotized subject's awareness of experiences, such as pain, that go unreported during hypnosis
  2. the large, slow brain waves associated with deep sleep
  3. a physiological need for a drug, marked by unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when the drug is discontinued
  4. an altered state of consciousness reported after a close brush with death (such as through cardiac arrest); often similar to drug-induced hallucinogens
  5. a split in consciousness, which allows some thoughts and behaviors to occur simultaneously with others

5 True/False questions

  1. manifest contentaccording to Freud, the underlying meaning of a dream (as distinct from its manifest content). Freud believed that this functions as a safety valve.


  2. posthypnotic suggestiona suggestion, made during a hypnosis session, to be carried out after the subject is no longer hypnotized; used by some clinicians to help control undesired symptoms and behaviors


  3. toleranceperiodic, natural, reversible loss of consciousness- as distinct from unconsciousness resulting from a coma, general anesthesia, or hibernations


  4. REM sleeprapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur. also known as paradoxical sleep because the muscles are relaxed (except for minor twitched) but other body systems are active


  5. barbituratesopium and its derivatives, such as morphine and heroin; they depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety


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