-is usually the term applied to journalists that focus on personal scandals
citizens can choose what they want to hear or see without the government's shaping the content of each station's programming.
Equal time rule
states that if a station sells time to one candidate, it must be willing to sell equal time to all other candidates.
required broadcasters to give time to opposing views if they broadcast a pro- gram giving one side of a controversial issue.
federal communications commission prohibits people form operating more than one newspaper, AM or FM radio stations, or tv stations in a given markets and companies cannot own more than 12 stations in the country
Freedom of Information Act
is a federal law that allows for the full or partial disclosure of previously unreleased information and documents controlled by the United States Government.
words to persuade people of something without actually making a clear argument for it.
Official Secrets Act
is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom, Ireland, India, and Malaysia and formerly in New Zealand for legislation that provides for the protection of state secrets and official information, mainly related to national security.
where the citizen sees and hears only what he or she wants to they ignore or get irritated by messages that are not in accord with existing beliefs
a video clip of a presidential contender speaking
Telecommunications Act of 1996
allowed one company to own as many as eight stations in large markets (five in smaller ones) and as many as it wished nationally.
Right of reply rule
states that if a person is attacked on a broadcast program (not regular news), he can reply on that same program.
is information sent out to the media in order to observe the reaction of an audience
White House Press Corps
The White House press corps is a group of men and women who are closest to the president, always there whenever anything newsworthy occurs.
ABC, NBC, CBS
came to dominate the news market, covering all the events with their massive influence, but recently, due to the Internet and other forms of media, their power has declined.
MSNBC, FOX News. CNN
three most popular cable networks
refers to the bias of journalists and news producers within the mass media, in the selection of which events and stories are reported and how they are covered.