The structure of bone tissue suits the function. Which of the following bone tissues is adapted to support weight and withstand tension stress?
support, protection, movement, mineral storage, and blood cell formation
What are the five functions of the skeletal system?
osteoblasts and osteoclasts
Bones are covered and lined by a protective tissue called periosteum. the inner (osteogenic) layer consists primarily of------?
The periosteum is secured to the underlying bone by dense connective tissue called ----?
Blood vessels and nerve fibers
the canal that runs through the core of each osteon (the Haversian canal) is the site of ------?
Bones are constantly undergoing resorption for various reasons. which of the following cells accomplishes this process?
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Which hormone increases osteoclast activity to release more calcium ions into the bloodstream?
Which of the following glands or organs produces hormones that tend to decrease blood calcium levels?
Growth of bones is controlled by a symphony of hormones. which hormone is important for bone growth during infancy and childhood?
protein, vitamins C,D,A, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and manganese
normal bone formation and growth are dependent on the adequate intake of ------?
it is the only bone of the body that does not articulate with any other bone
the hyoid bone is unique because------?
the frontal, sphenoid, ethmoid, and maxillary bones
Paranasal sinuses are found in which of these facial bones?
Which of the following is an abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column often seen in the thoracic region?
the lumbar region
Which part of the vertebral column receives the most stress by bearing most of the weight of the body?
intracapsular ligaments that cross each other in the notch between the femeral condyles
The cruciate ligaments of the knee is what?
If a patient is suffering from bursitis, this condition would be desigated as inflammation of a-----?
cushion the bones from impact
articular cartilage found at the ends of the long bones serves to-----?
Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where friction develops are called-----?
it separates the bones in synovial joints
Synovial fluid is present in joint cavities of freely movable joints. which of the following statements is true about this fluid?
the deposition of uric acid crystals in joints and soft tissue
gouty arthritis is a painful condition caused by -----?
when one is moving a limb away from the medial plane of the body along the frontal plane, it is called -----?
the trapezium and the first metacarpal
saddle joints have concave and convnex surfaces. name the two bones of the hand that articulate to form a saddle joint?
which of the following conditions is generally considered a noninflammatory type of arthritis?
what refers to the formation of blood cells within the red marrow cavities of certain bones?
what is a tissue that serves only to protect the bone becasue it is not supplied with nerves or blood vessels?