skeletal system chp 6,7,8

Created by nycgirlinaz 

Upgrade to
remove ads

59 terms

spongy bone

The structure of bone tissue suits the function. Which of the following bone tissues is adapted to support weight and withstand tension stress?

fat cells

Yellow bone marrow contains a large percentage of ------?

osteoblast

The cell responsible for secreting the matrix of bone is the -----?

diaphysis

A fracture in the shaft of a bone would be a break in the-----?

hyaline cartilage

The most abundant skeletal cartilage type is-----?

support, protection, movement, mineral storage, and blood cell formation

What are the five functions of the skeletal system?

the osteon

The structural unit of compact bone is-----?

osteoblasts and osteoclasts

Bones are covered and lined by a protective tissue called periosteum. the inner (osteogenic) layer consists primarily of------?

Sharpey's Fibers

The periosteum is secured to the underlying bone by dense connective tissue called ----?

Blood vessels and nerve fibers

the canal that runs through the core of each osteon (the Haversian canal) is the site of ------?

Lacunae

The small spaces in bone tissue that are holes in which osteocytes live are called-----?

osteoclasts

Bones are constantly undergoing resorption for various reasons. which of the following cells accomplishes this process?

Parathyroid hormone (PTH)

Which hormone increases osteoclast activity to release more calcium ions into the bloodstream?

irregular

Vertebrae are considered ------ bones?

transverse

a bone fracture perpendicular to the bone's axis is called a(n) ------ fracture?

thyroid gland

Which of the following glands or organs produces hormones that tend to decrease blood calcium levels?

trabeculae

Spongy bones are made up of a framework called ----?

bone formation

Osteogenesis is the process of ------?

growth hormone

Growth of bones is controlled by a symphony of hormones. which hormone is important for bone growth during infancy and childhood?

protein, vitamins C,D,A, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and manganese

normal bone formation and growth are dependent on the adequate intake of ------?

greenstick

which fracture would be least likely in a 92-year old?

Xiphoid process

the inferiormost part of the sternum is the -------?

skull, vertebral column, and the thoracic cage

The axial skeleton contains------?

atlas

Only the ----- vertebra does not have a body?

it is the only bone of the body that does not articulate with any other bone

the hyoid bone is unique because------?

act as shock absorbers

The major function of the intervertebral discs is to-----?

the frontal, sphenoid, ethmoid, and maxillary bones

Paranasal sinuses are found in which of these facial bones?

scoliosis

Which of the following is an abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column often seen in the thoracic region?

the lumbar region

Which part of the vertebral column receives the most stress by bearing most of the weight of the body?

provide protection and support

The major function of the axial skeleton is to -----?

two hip bones

What bones does the pelvic girdle include?

Gomphoses

A fribours joint that is a peg-in-socket is called a ------ joint?

intracapsular ligaments that cross each other in the notch between the femeral condyles

The cruciate ligaments of the knee is what?

bursa

If a patient is suffering from bursitis, this condition would be desigated as inflammation of a-----?

cushion the bones from impact

articular cartilage found at the ends of the long bones serves to-----?

Bursa

Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where friction develops are called-----?

condyloid

The gliding motion of the wrsit is accomplished because of the ----- joint?

by structure and function

How are joints classified?

on the skull

A joint that is known as a suture is found-----?

it separates the bones in synovial joints

Synovial fluid is present in joint cavities of freely movable joints. which of the following statements is true about this fluid?

less common and harder to do

compared ot the shoulder, displacements of the hip joints are------?

the deposition of uric acid crystals in joints and soft tissue

gouty arthritis is a painful condition caused by -----?

abduction

when one is moving a limb away from the medial plane of the body along the frontal plane, it is called -----?

the trapezium and the first metacarpal

saddle joints have concave and convnex surfaces. name the two bones of the hand that articulate to form a saddle joint?

it surrounds the tendon and allows the tendon to move

tendon sheaths do what?

osteoarthritis

which of the following conditions is generally considered a noninflammatory type of arthritis?

the semilunar cartilages of the knee

Menisci refer to-----?

are immovable

synarthrotic joints -------?

hyperextension

bending your head back until it hurts is an example of ---------?

syndesmosis

on the basis of strucutral classification, which joint is fibrous connective tissue?

suture

an immovalbe joint foud only between skull ones is called a --------?

radius and ulna

the antebrachium is composed of which of the following two bones?

hematopoiesis

what refers to the formation of blood cells within the red marrow cavities of certain bones?

compact bone

what is replaced more spongy bone or compact bone?

periosteum

what is a tissue that serves only to protect the bone becasue it is not supplied with nerves or blood vessels?

osteons

what resembles the growth rings of a tree trunk?

hydroxyapatite

Sixty-five percent of the mass of bone is a compound called -----?

compact bone

what kind of bone is an osteon found in?

osteocytes, lamellae, and a central canal

what three things does an osteon contain?

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set