# Geometry Midterm Set 1

### 54 terms by sydneyclark

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for geometry accelerated midterm

### postulate

a statement that is accepted as true without proof

### plane

a flat surface that has no thickness

### skew lines

noncoplaner lines that do not intersect and are not parallel

### midpoint

a point that divides a segment into two congruent parts

### adjacent angles

two coplanar angles with a common side, a common vertex, and no common interior points

### complementary angles

two angles whose measure sum to 90 degrees

### supplementary angles

two angles whose measure sum to 180 degrees

### perpendicular bisector

a line, segment, or ray that is perpendicular to the segment at its midpoint, thereby bisecting the segment.

### angle bisector

a ray that divides an angle into two congruent coplanar angles

### converse

switches the hypothesis and conclusion of a conditional statement

### biconditional

made when a conditional and its converse are true; connected with "if and only if"

### law of detachment

if a conditional is true and its hypothesis is true, then its conclusion is true. (if p -> q is true and p is true then q is true)

### law of syllogism

if p -> q and q -> r are true statements, then p -> r is a true statement

a=a

if a=b, then b=a

### transitive property

if a=b and b=c, then a=c

### triangle sum theorem

the sum of the measures of the angles of a triangle is 180

### triangle exterior angle theorem

the measure of each exterior angle of a triangle equals the sum of the 2 remote interior angles

### scalene triangle

no congruent sides

### isosceles triangle

at least 2 congruent sides

### equilateral triangle

3 congruent sides

3 acute angles

1 right angle

1 obtuse angle

### equiangular triangle

3 congruent angles

### polygon

a closed plane figure with at least 3 sides that are segments

(n-2)x180

### polygon exterior angle theorem

the sum of the measure of the exterior angles of a polygon, one at each vertex, is 360

### cpctc

corresponding parts in congruent triangles are congruent

### isosceles triangle theorem

if two sides of a triangle are congruent, then the angles opposite those sides are congruent

### HL

if the hypotenuse and a leg of one right triangle are congruent to the hypotenuse and leg of another right angle, then the triangles are congruent

### midsegment

a segment connecting the midpoints of two sides

### midsegment theorem

if a segment joins the midpoints of 2 sides of a triangle, then the segment is parallel to the third side and half its length

### altitude

a perpendicular segment from a vertex to the line containing the side opposite that vertex

### median

a segment that has a vertex of a triangle and the midpoint of the opposite side as its endpoints

### concurrent

when 3 or more lines intersect in one point

### circumcenter

point where the perpendicular bisectors intersect; perpendicular bisectors are concurrent at this point that is equidistant from the vertices

### incenter

point where the angle bisectors intersect; angle bisectors are concurrent at this point that is equidistant from the sides

### centroid

the point of concurrency of the medians of a triangle

### centroid theorem

the length of the segment from the vertex to the centroid is twice the length of the segment from the centroid to the midpoint

### negation

the opposite truth value of a statement

### inverse

negates the hypothesis and conclusion of a conditional statement

### contrapositive

switches the hypothesis and conclusion and negates them both

### triangle inequality theorem

the sum of the lengths of any two sides of a triangle is greater than the third side

### parallelogram

a quadrilateral with both pairs of opposite sides parallel

### kite

a quadrilateral with two pairs of consecutive sides congruent and no opposite sides congruent

### rhombus

a parallelogram with four congruent sides

### rectangle

a parallelogram with four right angles

### square

a parallelogram with four congruent sides and four right angles

### trapezoid

a quadrilateral with exactly one pair of opposite sides parallel

### isosceles trapezoid

a trapezoid whose nonparallel sides are congruent

### parallelogram properties

opposite sides are congruent, opposite angles are congruent, diagonals bisect eachother, if three or more parallel lines cut off congruent segments on one transversal, then they cut off congruent segments on every transversal

### rhombus properties

each diagonal of a rhombus bisects two angles of the rhombus; the diagonals of a rhombus are perpendicular

### rectangle property

the diagonals of a rectangle are congruent

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