Ancient Greece Study Guide

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50 terms · The sheet that he handed out, these are the fill-ins for the study guide. :) GOOD LUCK! The test is MONDAY the 7th!

Ancient Greece Map

Macedonia, Mount Olympus, Aegean and Mediterranean Seas, Peloponnesian and Attica Peninsulas, the Islands of Crete and Rhodes, Troy, the City-States of Sparta and Athens

Homer

A Greek poet, author of the Iliad and the Odyssey

Pericles

Athenian general who led Athens during the war with Sparta ; he made sure that poor as well as rich citizens could take part in government ;

Socrates

Greek philosopher who discussed laws, customs, values, and relgion with students ; accused of urging young people to revolt, he was sentenced to death

Plato

Greek philosopher and student of Socrates

Alexander the Great

King of Macedonia who conquered Geece, Persia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley; his conquests spread Greek culture throughout parts of 3 continents ; he defeated Persia, and soon his empire stretched all the way to India ; died of a fever ; as he layed dying, his soldiers wanted to say goodbye and so they lined up and waited their turn to shake his hand and say farwell ; when he was 12 he won a horse and named it Bucephalus and when this horse died, Alexander named a city Bucephalus for the horse ; the most famous city he named was ALEXANDRIA

Aristole

Greek philosopher who was the private teacher of Alexander the Great

Polis

A city-state in Ancient Greece

Harbor

A sheltered place along a coast used to protect boats and ships

City-States

A self-governing city, often surrounding lands and villages

Peloponnesian War

a war between Athens and Sparta that threatened to tear all of Greece apart and was finally won by the Spartans

Citizen

A person with certain rights and responsibilities in his or her country or community

Assembly

a lawmaking body of government made up of a group of citizens

Philosophy

The study of or search for truth, wisdom, and the right way to live

Democracy

A system of government in which citizens vote to make governmental decisions

Oligarchy

a type of government in which a small gruop of citizens control decision-making

Monarchy

A government ruled by a king or queen

Hippocrates

An ancient Greek physician (the "father of medicine") who is credited with founding the study of medicine ; Treated patients and came up with cures ; made rules for how doctors should treat their patients -- Doctors today promise to follow these rules when they take the Hippocratic Oath

King Phillip II

The King of Macedonia who was killed before he could lead the Greeks and Macedonians into a war with Persia / son was Alexander the Great

Peninsula

an area of land almost entirely surrounded by water

Ionic

THREE MAIN STYLES OF GREEK ARCHITECTURE - scroll-like curls at either end

Doric

THREE MAIN STYLES OF GREEK ARCHITECTURE - simple and plain

Corinthian

THREE MAIN STYLES OF GREEK ARCHITECTURE - rows of overlapping leaves

Marathon

26 Miles

Illiad

Homer's story of the Ancient Trojan War

Acropolis

a hill in acient Greece where city residents sought shelter and saftey in times of war and met to discuss community affairs

Parthenon

The temple of Athena, patron goddess of Athens

Aphrodite

Goddess of love and beauty ; wife of Hephaestus

Apollo

God of the sun and healing ; twin brother of Artemis

Ares

God of War

Artemis

Goddess of childbirth, the moon, and hunting ; twin sister of Apollo

Athena

Goddess of Wisdom, Warfare, and handicrafts ; also patron of Athens

Hades

God of the underworld ; Zeus's brother

Hephaestus

God of Metalworking

Hera

Queen of the Gods or Mother of the Gods ; Wife of Zeus

Hermes

Messenger of the Gods

Hestia

Goddess of the hearth and fire ; sister of Zeus

Poseidon

God of the Sea and Earthquakes ; brother of Zeus

Zeus

Ruler of ALL GODS

Olympic Games

- Olympia is built for Zeus and is where the Olympic Games are held (west of Athens)
- Altars were all around Zeus's temple
- First Olmpic Games took place 776 B.C
- Most religious festivals were accompanied by this
- the Sancuary of Zeus was found in Olympia
- Sacrificial fires were burning 24 hrs. a day in honor of Zeus
- Women were not allowed to compete or watch as spectators
- Every four years the Olympics were held

Chariot Races

Chariots were drawn by 2 or 4 horses

Running Races

The main race was 200 meters long

Wrestling

Two opponents in this test of -
1. STRENGTH
2. SKILL

Boxing

Competitors Wore :
1. LEATHER STRAP AROUND HANDS AND WRISTS
Didn't Wear :
1. BOXING GLOVES

Discus

A heavy disk made of iron was thrown as far as possible

Javelin

The winner threw this light spear the farthest

Long Jump

Athletes carried stone weights as they trained

Racing

Runners wore helmets and carried heavy shields

Alexander the Great

son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world ; Conquered and ruled an empire stretching from Macedonia to the Indus Valley ; (BE ABLE TO BULLET 5 "HIGHLIGHTS" OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT'S LIFE)

WHEN IS THE TEST? AND WHAT IS ON IT?

February 7th - Sequencing, Matching, Compare/Contrast, True or False, Multiple Choice, and Fill in the Blank (the Olympic Paper is standing in for the essay) GOOD LUCK!

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