Outdoor work, communal songs. Sung during farming, for flirting and courting
Repeating the melody with a series of verses
Started in Shanghai. Instruments are made of silk and bamboo. Played at weddings and tea shops by amateur musicians.
Sizhu: Two-stringed instrument played with a bow
Sizhu: Three-stringed log necked lute
Sizhu: Four Stringed Lute
Sizhu: Hammered Dulcimer
Sizhu: Bridged zither with 25 strings
Sizhu: Transverse bamboo flute
Sizhu: bamboo end-blown vertical flute
Sizhu: "mouth organ" with vertical pipes
Band of wind and percussion players affiliated with a local temple for outdoor ritual music. "Masculine." Performed by amateurs.
Notation system for Beiguan music
Beiguan: Wind instrument with a double reed