Initiative Versus Guilt (Phallic) 3-6 years
Through make-believe play, children explore the kind of person they can become. Initiative--a sense of ambition and responsibility, develops when parents support their child's new sense of purpose. When parents demand too much self control, the induce excessive guilt.
The Negative Outcome of Early Childhood (Erikson)
An overly strict superego that causes children to feel too much guilt because they have been threatened, criticized, and punished excessively by adults. When this happens, preschoolers exuberant play and bold efforts to master new tasks breaks down.