Surface anatomy terms (with pictures)

54 terms by Hosannaamariam

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Directional Terms

allow us to explain where one body structure is in relation to another

Axial

fundamental division of our body. Makes up the main axis of our body, includes the head, neck, and trunk.

Appendicular

fundamental division of our body. relating to the limbs and their attachments to the axis.

Regional Terms

used to designate specific areas within major body divisions

Abdominal

pertaining to the anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs

Acromial

pertaining to the point of the shoulder

Antebrachial

pertaining to the forearm

Antecubital

pertaining to the anterior surface of the elbow

Axillary

pertaining to the armpit

Brachial

pertaining to the arm

Buccal

pertaining to the cheek

Carpal

Pertaining to the wrist

Cephalic

pertaining to the head

Cervical

pertaining to the neck region

Coxal

pertaining to the hip

Crural

pertaining to the leg

Digital

pertaining to the fingers or toes

Femoral

pertaining to the thigh

Fibular (peroneal)

pertaining to the side of the leg

Frontal

pertaining to the forehead

Hallux

pertaining to the great toe

Inguinal

pertaining to the groin

Mammary

pertaining to the breast

Manus

pertaining to the hand

Mental

pertaining to the chin

Nasal

pertaining to the nose

Oral

pertaining to the mouth

Orbital

pertaining to the eye socket (orbit)

Palmar

pertaining to the palm of the hand

Patellar

pertaining to the anterior knee (kneecap) region

Pedal

pertaining to the foot

Pelvic

pertaining to the pelvis region

Pollex

pertaining to the thumb

Pubic

pertaining to the genital region

Sternal

pertaining to the region of the breastbone

Tarsal

pertaining to the ankle

Thoracic

pertaining to the chest

Umbilical

pertaining to the navel

Acromial

pertaining to the point of the shoulder

Calcaneal

pertaining to the heel of the foot

Dorsum

pertaining to the back

Gluteal

pertaining to the buttocks or rump

Lumbar

pertaining to the area of the back between the ribs and hips; the loin

Olecranal

pertaining to the posterior aspect of the elbow

Otic

pertaining to the ear

Perineal

pertaining to the region between the anus and external genitalia

Plantar

pertaining to the sole of the foot

Popliteal

pertaining to the back of the knee

Sacral

pertaining to the region between the hips (overlying the sacrum)

Scapular

pertaining to the scapula or shoulder blade area

Sural

pertaining to the calf or posterior surface of the leg

Vertebral

pertaining to the area of the spinal column

Anterior/Ventral Body

Posterior/Dorsal Body

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