Basics of Medical Terminology

13 terms by ShaShaBoo 

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Word root or Root

Main words or parts;
Common parts;
Fundamental unit of each medical word. Prefix and/or suffix may be added.

Prefix

A syllable or word placed at the beginning of a word;
Common beginnings;
A short word part added before a root to modify its meaning. Usually, but does not always, indicate location, time, or number.

Suffix

Can be defined as a syllable or word placed at the end of the word;
Common endings;
A short word part added at the end of a root to modify its meaning. Usually, but does not always indicate procedures, conditions, disorders, or disease

Suffixes that mean condition of

-ia
-ism
-osis
-y

Adjective suffixes (adjectives modify nouns)

-ac
-al
-ar
-oid

Suffixes pertaining to specialties and specialists

-ology
-ist
-iatrist
-ian/-ician

Plural endings

-a/-ae
-en/-ina
-is/-es
-nx/-nges
-on/-a
-um/-a
-us/-i

Prefixes pertaining to number

prim/i-
bi-
hemi-
tri-
quad-
ambi-

Prefixes pertaining to color

cyan/o
erythr/o
leuk/o

Negative prefixes

a-, an-
anti-
dis-
in-, (im- before b, m, p)
un-
dys-

Prefixes pertaining to direction

ab-
ad-
trans-
intra-
inter-

Prefixes pertaining to degree

hyper-
hypo-

Prefixes pertaining to time & position

ante-
pre-
pro-
post-
pre-
semi-

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