Community Health: chapter 3, the u.s. health and public health care systems

19 terms by awiens

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primary care

the providing of integrated, accessible health care services by clinician who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community

primary health care (PHC)

a combination of primary care and public health care made universally accessible to individuals and families in a community ,with their full participation and provided at a cost that the community and county can afford

public health

organized community efforts designed to prevent disease and promote health . It links disciplines, builds on the science of epidemiology and focuses on the community

root cause analysis

a technique for identifying prevention of error strategies and developing a culture of safety

U.S. department of health and human services

the federal agency most heavily involved in health and welfare

primary care generalists include

family physicians, general internists, general pediatricians, nurse practioners, clinical nurse specialists, physicain assitants, and certified nurse midwives

advanced practice nursing (APN)

NPs, CNS, and CNMs

CNS's

experts in public health, mental health, gerontology, cardiac and cancer care-- many provide primary care-- they may work in consultation, research, education, and administration.

u.s. department of health and human services

most often involved withthehealth and welfare concerns of u.s. citizens

national health service corps

provide care to residents of medically underserved areas

National Institutes of Health

worlds premier medical research organization

Center for disease control adn prevnetion has two jobs

to protect lives and improve health

CDC- 2 goals

prepsre for terrorist health threats and at the same time protecect the health and quality of life across the US

Department of homeland security

mission is to prevent and teter terrorist attacks adn protect against and respond to threats and hazards to the nation. goals include awareness, prevention, protection, response, and recovery

developed the community emergency response team ( CERT)

department of homeland security

department of agriculture

WIC,, school breakfast and lunch programs, grants to states for nutrition education training, food stamps, plant product and animal inspections

department of commerce

takes a census every 10 years

department of labor

occupation and mine safety and health administration departments.

state nursing practice act--each state must have what

an examiners board made up of nurses and consuemrs/ they license and exam practicing nurses, approve schools of nursing, revoke licenses exc.

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