ST 103 Week 4 Vocab

Created by dbrombacher 

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40 terms

Muscle Flap

Donor tissue involves muscle and its proximal blood supply.

Blepharoplasty

Aesthetic procedure to remove excess skin and protruding periorbital fat of the upper and lower eyelids.

Bone curettes

Used to shape bone.

Chemical

Resulting from contact with corrosive or irritating acids or alkaline.

Augmentation mammoplasty

Insertion of a breast prosthesis to enlarge or form the breast mound.

Cheiloplasty

Closure of a cleft lip.

Radiation

Resulting from overexposure to radiant energy such as from radium, x-rays, nuclear explosions and sunlight.

Rhytidectomy

Aesthetic procedure to remove excess skin from the face and neck area and tighten underlying support structures, such as muscle and superficial fascia; also called a face lift.

Homograft

Graft of tissue taken from a donor of the same species as the recipient.

Heterograft (xenograft)

Graft of tissue taken from a donor of one species and grafted onto a recipient of another species.

Repair of maxillary fracture

Correction of malocclusion and facial deformity by intermaxillary fixation with arch bars and open or closed reduction of the fractured maxilla depending upon the severity.

Reconstruction for microtia

Series of reconstructive procedures to insert an artificial ear implant or graft of patient's costal cartilage to correct the congenital absence of an ear.

Mentoplasty

Aesthetic procedure to reshape the chin by removing part of the manible or by augmenting with bone or cartilage grafts or artificial implants for abnormally small jaws.

Auto graft

Graft of tissue taken from another part of patient's body.

Implants and protheses

Used to replace diseased, injured, or missing body parts such as organs, limbs, joints, and tendons or to augment body parts such as breasts or chins.

Otoplasty

Aesthetic or reconstructive procedure to correct congenital deformities of lop ears or excessively large ears or for traumatic injury to one or both ears.

Dermabrader

Used to remove acne scars, birthmarks, tattoos, and fine wrinkles on the epidermis.

Thermal

Resulting from contact with fire, hot objects, or hot fluids.

Liposuction curettes and liposuction vacuum machine

Used to remove fat and reshape various areas of the body.

Electrical

Resulting from overexposure to electricity.

Palatoplasty

Closure of cleft palate.

Soft tissue augmentation

Aesthetic procedure involving the extraction of the patient's own fat cells or bovine dermal collagen and injection to fill soft tissue to effect or to smooth out wrinkles.

Caliper

Used for making precision measurements.

Rhinoplasty

Reconstruction of the nose for aesthetic purposes or to repair damage done by trauma or removal of neoplasms.

Skin hook

Used to retract dermis and provide exposure to underlying structures; may have single or double prongs.

Debridement of burns

Removal of necrotic tissue (eschar) to be followed by skin grafting.

Alloplasty

Plastic surgery with non-human tissue.

Liposuction

Removal of fat deposits by use of a blunt, hollow, metal cannula connected to negative pressure suction.

Debridement

Removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue from a wound.

Scar revision

Rearranging or reshaping an existing scar to improve its appearance.

Prognathia

Projection of jaws beyond projection of forehead.

Lipectomies

Excision of excessive fat and redundant skin from various areas of the body such as the abdomen, buttocks, thighs, and upper arms.

Dermabrasion

Physical sanding of the skin with a dermabrader to remove embedded dirt or tattoos, improve acne scars or lessen elevated scars.

Donor site

The area of the body used as a source for grafts.

Microtia

Unusually small size or absence of the external ear(s).

Epidermis

Outer, nonsensitive, nonvascular layer of the skin.

Reconstructive mammoplasty

Post-mastectomy reconstruction of breast contour.

Lop ears

Congenital deformity in which the ears protude abnormally from the side of the head.

Erythemia

A small spot or area of the skin showing diffused redness.

Plastic hand surgery

Restoration of hand function to correct injuries or deformities, usually involving microsurgery of nerves and vessels.

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