Method of breeding that allows only those organisms with desired characteristics to produce the next generation.
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best traits or both organisms.
Continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics to maintain ther derived characteristics of a kind of organism.
Process of manipulating organisms, cells, or molecules, to produce specific products.
Polymerase Chain Reaction
PCR: The technique used by biologists to make many copies of a particular gene.
Recombinant DNA Plasmid
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources.
Alleles that produce detractable phenotypic differences useful in genetic analysis.
Term used to refer to an organism that contains genes from other organisms.
Member of a population of genetically identical cells produced from a single cell.
Process of changing a gene to treat a medical disease or disorder. An absent or faulty gene is replaced by a normal working gene.
Glass slide or silicon strip that carries thousands of different kinds of single-stranded DNA fragments arrainged in a grid. Used to detect and measure the expression of thousands of genes at one time.
Tool used by biologists that analyzes an individual's unique collection of DNA restriction fragments; used to determine whether two samples of genetic material are from the same person.
Scientific study of crime scene evidence.