Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)
Dietary guideline that specifies the amount of nutrient needed for almost all of the healthy individuals in a specific age group and gender group.
Dietary Reference Intake (DRI)
Appropriate amounts of nutrients in the diet (AI, RDA, and UL).
Adequate Intake (AI)
Dietary guideline established experimentally to estimate nutrent needs when sufficient data are not available to establish an RDA value.
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)
Maximum level of a daily nutrient that will not pose a risk of adverse health effects for most people.
Indigestible bulk in foods that can be either soluble or insoluble in body fluids.
Dietary fats that are usually solid at room temperature and come primarily from animal sources.
Monounsaturated or polysaturated fats that are usually liquid at room temperature and come primarily from vegetable sources.
Fats that result when liquid oil has hydrogen added to it to make it more solid. Hydrogenation transforms unsaturated fats so that they take on the characteristics of saturated fats, as is the case for margarine and shortening.
The 20 basic building blocks of the body that make up proteins.
Essential Amino Acids
The nine basic amino acids that the human body cannot produce and that must be obtained from food sources.
Strict vegetarians, who not only exclude all forms of meat from the diet but, also exclude diary products and eggs.
Vegetarians who include dairy and eggs in the diet.
Vitamins that are thought to inactivate "activated oxygen molecules," sometimes called free radicals. Free radicals may cause cell damage that leads to diseases of various kinds. Antioxidants may inactivate the free radicals before they do their damage.
The extra consumption of complex carboyhdrates in the days prior to sustained performance.
A source of energy stored int he muscles and liver necessary for sustained physical activity.
Statements of intent to achieve a specific test score or a specific standard associated with good health or wellness-for example, "I will lower my body fat level by 3 percent."
A statement of intent to perform a specific behavior (changing a lifestyle) for a specific period of tiem- for example, "I will reduce the calories in my diet by 200 a day for the next four weeks."
Calories in foods considered to ahve little or no nutritional value.
Self-defeating discussions with yourself focusing on your failures rather than your successes.
Telling yourself positive, encouraging things that help you succeed in accomplishing your goals.