What process(es) take place in the cytoplasm?
Glycolysis and fermentation; first part of the Krebs cycle (when pyruvate is broken down into Acetyl CoA)
What process(es) take place in the stroma?
What process(es) take place in the thylakoid?
What process(es) take place in the mitochondrial matrix?
What process(es) take place in the mitochondrial membrane?
When is NADPH used?
When is NADPH produced?
Light Reaction (when an electron goes through the thylakoid membrane and joins NADP+)
When is NADH used?
When is NADH produced?
Krebs Cycle (the part in the cytoplasm and mitochondrial matrix) and glycolysis
When is Pyruvate used?
Krebs cycle and fermentation
When is pyruvate produced?
When is glucose used?
When is glucose produced?
When is ATP used?
Calvin Cycle (18)
When is ATP produced?
light reaction (N/A), glycolysis (N/A), ETC (36), krebs cycle
Is the light reaction catabolic, anabolic,neither, or both?
Both- breaks down light and water, builds up NADPH and ATP
Is the calvin cycle catabolic, anabolic, neither, or both?
Anabolic because it makes glucose.
Is glycolysis catabolic, anabolic,neither, or both?
Catabolic because it breaks down glucose.
Is the krebs cycle catabolic, anabolic, both, or neither?
Catabolic because it breaks down CO₂ and Acetyl CoA
Is the ETC catabolic, anabolic, both, or neither?
Both- breaks down NADH, creates 36 ATP
Is fermentation catabolic, anabolic, both, or neither?
Neither. Fermentation rearranges molecules and uses energy, but not exactly one or the other.
When are the 6CO₂ used? (photosynthesis)
When are the 6H₂O used? (photosynthesis)
Light reaction (Broken down in the photosystem when light hits)
When is light used? (photosynthesis)
Broken down in the light reaction and fuels light reaction
When is glucose created? (photosynthesis)
When is oxygen created? (photosynthesis)
Made when H₂O splits apart
When is glucose used? (CR)
When is oxygen used? (CR)
ETC (to make water)
When is CO₂ created? (CR)
Made in Krebs cycle
When is H₂O created? (CR)
ETC (when electron and O₂ combine together)
When is ATP created? (CR)
ETC, glycolysis, krebs
What is the difference between ADP and ATP?
ATP has another phosphate group in it than ADP does.
Where is energy stored in ADP and ATP?
The bonds between the second and third phosphate group
What happens to the molecule (ADP and ATP) when the cell uses it?
The bond between the 2nd and 3rd phosphate groups are broken.
How many membranes does glucose cross after it is produced?
2 because the chloroplast is a double membrane organelle.
How many membranes does Acetyl CoA cross after it is produced?
2 because Acetyl CoA needs to pass from the cytoplasm to the matrix of the mitochondria.
Where is there a high concentration of H+ during the light reaction? Why?
Inside the thylakoid space. Because of the light particles coming in and water being broken down.
Where is there are high concentration of H+ during the ETC? Why
Inside the inter membrane space because NADH helps pump them out of the matrix and into the inter membrane space.
What is the one problem that occurs when an animal stops breathing?
You wouldn't be able to breathe in oxygen that is obtained through photosynthesis. This means the CO2 from the Krebs Cycle will stay in our bodies, which isn't good because it's not good for us to have too much CO2 in our bodies since it's bad for us.
The krebs cycle will continue due to NAD+ produced in fermentation, producing toxic amounts of CO₂
What is another problem that occurs when an animal stops breathing?
There is no intake of oxygen, and thus no ETC. without the ETC, no ATP is produced.
OXYGEN IS NEEDED FOR THE ETC OF CELLULAR RESPIRATION—WITHOUT OXYGEN, THERE IS NO MOVEMENT OF THE ELECTRON, SO THERE IS NO CONCENTRATION GRADIENT FORMED, SO THERE IS NO PRODUCTION OF ATP. CELLS QUICKLY DIE WITHOUT ENOUGH ATP!
T or F: Fermentation produces ADP
False; Fermentation regenerates/produces NAD+ (Glycolysis) and a very small amount of ATP.
T or F: the ATP synthase is a protein pump
False; it's a channel.
T or F: the mitochondrial matrix is home to glycolysis and the krebs cycle
False; The mitochondrial matrix is home to the Krebs cycle. The membrane of the mitochondrial matrix is home to ETC of CR. Glycolysis takes place in the cytoplasm.
T or F: The calvin cycle is anabolic
T or F: The krebs cycle is catabolic
T or F: Carbon is used in the ETC
False-NADH and oxygen are used in the ETC
T or F: CO₂ is a waste product of the calvin cycle
False; CO₂ starts out the Calvin Cycle.
T or F: CO₂ is a waste product of the Krebs Cycle
True; CO₂ is toxic to humans.
T or F: Light and NADH are the "energizers" or protein pumps
T or F: 1 glucose produces 12 NADH molecules
False; it produces only 10. It makes 8 NADH in the Krebs cycle (if 2 glucose are used) and makes 2 in glycolysis.
T or F: Water is used up in the ETC
False; Water's a product of ETC.