Political ideology that stresses people's membership in a nation-a community defined by a common culture and history as well as by territory. In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, nationalism was a force for unity in western Europe (713)
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
The Roosevelt Corollary
Germany was going to collect debts from Venezuela and many places in Latin America. Due to the Monroe Doctrine, the US couldn't protect their investments in Latin America, so Roosevelt basically rewrote the Monroe Doctrine saying that if Germany would do anything, then the US could interfere and be the one collecting money.
The Panama Canal
Buit to make passage between Atlantic and Pacific oceans easier and faster because there were many Navy ships that needed to get from Gulf of Mexico out to the Pacific to help protect American islands in case of invasion. Started in 1904 ended in 1914, the same year as the war started. Good trade route
An explosion from a mine in the Bay of Havanna crippled the warship Maine. The U.S. blamed Spain for the incident and used it as an excuse to go to war with Spain. blew up in February 1989. War started April of 1989.
This man worked with the US when American troops arrived and captured Manila, collaborating with Filipino insurgents, to overthrough spanish rulling.
>Kalakaua is king in 1886 & tries to minimize US influence >400 Americans organize to overthrow him and force him to sign Bayonet Constitution (giving US the rights to Pearl Harbor) >1891 his sister succeeds him & tries to return power to the people >gives up throne b/c she doesn't want to see Hawaiians killed
>Annexation of Hawaii
Sphere of Influence
A foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and exclusive rights to mines, railroads and other economic activities.
The influence of Sea Power Upon History
Written by Alfred Thayer Mahan. Called for the construction of a first-class navy with enough ships and firepower to make its presence felt everywhere in the world.
Needs a navy oversees to protect its economic interests in foreign markets
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
Hiroshima & Nagasaki
They were the two cities in Japan on which in 1945, the US dropped Atom Bombs on. The first was dropped on Hiroshima (Aug, 6) and the second on Nagasaki (Aug, 9) Japan surrender on Aug, 15 1945.
June 6, 1944, the single largest invasion ever, US, British, and Canadian troops stormed the beaches of Normandy in an effort to free France from the Nazis and push the Germans to Berlin. Led by Eisenhower.
Two front War
This is when the Germans are being attacked from both sides, from the west they are being attacked by the USSR and from the east they are being attacked by the US, Britain and other allied troops.
Hitlers discrimination of Jews began in 1933 and in 1935, he stripped Jews of rights. This also included Pols and French people. They were forced into ghettos and into concentration camps where they were either put to work or murdered.
Dec. 7, 1941, when Japanese kamikaze planes attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii because since the Japs were an axis power, the US stopped supplying them and after this, the US joined the war in the Pacific theater, then later in the European Theater.
German/Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
Hitler knew that there couldn't be a two front war or else he would be beat so he signed a pact with the USSR in 1939 to vow that Nazi and USSR would not attack each other as he took over Europe but them Hitler violated it and USSR joined allies and fought axis.
1922-1949, created by Benito Mussolini, it grew out of the fact that the state was in depression and the biggest expense was labor. State supported industry and accumulation of personal wealth. (Italy)
Was a failed artists, drifter for some time, enlisted for the Nazi army for WWI,, 1889-1945, Nazi dictator of Germany, born in Austria: Chancellor 1933-45; dictator 1934-45.
Blame, Reperations, Army, Territory. Also known as the Verailles treaty after WWI which Germany was forced to sign. Signed in 1919, Blame, Germany's fault for war, Reperations, Germany must pay the other countries for their war finances, Army, Germany can only have an army of 100,000 men and a Navy of 6 battleships and no airfare, Territory, Germany losses 10% of its land, all its colonies, 16% of its coalfields to France.
Idea that USA stays neutral in the war and does not join any sides until forced to, 1917 when USA forced to join WWI because of Zimmerman Telegraph.
p. 978-1003, President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces
p. 978-1003, 1968, during Tet, the Vietnam lunar new year - Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army raiding forces attacked provincial capitals throughout Vietnam, even seizing the U.S. embassy for a time. U.S. opinion began turning against the war.
Gulf of Tonkin
p. 978-1003, in August of 1964, United States President Lyndon B. Johnson said that North Vietnamese forces had twice attacked American destroyers in the _____________. Although there was a first attack, claims of a second attack were later said to be exaggerated or unfounded. Known today as the ____________ Incident, this led to the open involvement of the United States in the Vietnam War, with the ______________ Resolution.
the policy of making the military power of the US and its allies so strong that no enemy would attack for fear of action taken in return for an injury or offense
Ho Chi Min
p. 978-1003, was a Vietnamese communists that pushed for an independent Vietnam. He helped rid his country of the French, drawing the U.S into the conflict.
Cuban Missile Crisis
p. 901-902, (JFK) , , an international crisis in October 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the U.S. and the USSR. When the U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the Soviet leader Khrushchev acceded to the U.S. demands a week later, on condition that US doesn't invade Cuba and that the U.S. takes out their missiles from Turkey
Afghan resistance group supplied with arms by the united states to assist in its fight against the soviets following their 1979 invasion of Afghanistan. (A military force of Muslim guerilla warriors engaged in a jihad
The 38th parallel
p. 844-847, The latitude line that marked the boarder between North and South Korea
p. 838-841, First established in 1947 after Britain no longer could afford to provide anti-communist aid to Greece and Turkey, it pledged to provide U.S. military and economic aid to any nation threatened by communism.
p. 842-843, Joint effort by the US and Britian to fly food and supplies into W Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/indepth_coverage/asia/afghanistan/ President of Afghanistan, helped overthrow Taliban, sought international aid for Afghanistan started in 2004
http://choices.edu/resources/scholarsonline/bhatia/mb3.php an islamic group that took control of the Afghanistan government. They are helping Al Quaeda
Osama Bin Laden
(1957-) Founder of al Qaeda, the terrorist network responsible for the attacks of September 11, 2001, and other attacks.
Military industrial complex
System that describes a relationship between government the armed services and the industries that supply them.
The authority or right a nation has to freely govern and protect itself (ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.)
War on Terrorism
initiated by george w. bush after the september 11, 2001, attacks to weed out terrorist operatives throughout the world, using diplomacy, military means, improved homeland security, stricter banking laws, and other means
A western European trading bloc designed to allow labor and goods to move freely among nations. Purpose:to compete more effectively with larger economics
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance of western nations committed to tsp sprite expansion in Europe (an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries)
The Cold War
refers to the period following WWII until the collapse of the Soviet Union in the 1990s.This was a period when much of the world was divided by the communist/non-communist battle for military and political superiority. While the USA and the USSR were unquestionably the world's two superpowers, they avoided direct military conflict. Instead, they sought to bring other countries into their fold.