5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Kim Il-sung
- Nationalist Party
- Peng Duhai
- 1958 - 1961
- a leader of North Korea until his death in 1972. Started the Korean War in 1958. He modeled his rule using Joseph Stalin as a role model. His son, Kim Jong Il, now rules.
- b The Beijing Massacre in Tiananmen Square. Deng Xiaoping did a marvelous job of developing China's economy. He was a communist but he introduced capitalist type economic reforms to help China grow; however, he was against political reform. When college students peacefully protested for democratic reform, and refused to disband, the Communist government under Deng sent in the tanks. Thousands of college students were killed and many many more were rounded up and imprisoned. The West spoke out against the violence of the Chinese government, but the criticism had little effect. By the late 1990s China was being considered for membership into the prestigious WTO. They were accepted into the WTO in 2001.
China Today - Human Rights and the Economy
- c Kuomintang of China, more free than
- d The Great Leap Forward. This was Mao's attempt to quickly modernize China. His goals were to improve China's economy and make China a significant world power that the West would no longer be able to push around. Due to poor management, propaganda that the Communist leadership themselves began to believe, an environment of fear and sycophancy and Mao's ego it ended in disaster
- e Communist China war hero against Japan and America. He was the Defense Minister of China from 1949 to 1959. He lost his position when he criticized Mao's decisions in the Great Leap Forward
5 Multiple choice questions
- Rules the Soviet Union (Russia) from early 1920s until his death in 1953
- Japan invades China and takes most of the major cities on the coast. Japan commits atrocities such as the murder of innocent women, children and elderly people. Chiang Kai Shek's government loses much prestige and the communist are given a chance to grow again and become heroes fighting against the Japanese. The relations between China and Japan are tense to this very day.
- The Great Proletariat Cultural Revolution. Mao's effort to truly remake China into a pure communist state. Everything and everyone that was even remotely associated with the old ways (pre 1949) were potential victims. Traditional beliefs, customs, thinking and values were attacked. The persecution went even beyond that. Red Guard units began fighting Red Guard units, each side proclaiming that they were the TRUE followers of Mao. Many were killed and millions were sent to work in harsh conditions in the countryside to be "reeducated". A good overview - http://spice.stanford.edu/docs/115
- The Korean War. It was started when the Communist North Koreans invaded South Korea, and American ally. China came into the war when they felt threatened by General Douglas Macarthur's troops coming close to China's border. Technically a draw, Mao Zedong and the Communist proclaim it as a great victory.
- Mass movement of civilians, mostly students and other young people in the China who were mobilized by Mao Zedong in 1966 and 1967
5 True/False questions
Communist Party → Strict under Mao, no freedom of speech
Capitalism → Economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for a private profit
Chiang Kai - Shek → Mao Zedong's last wife, was in the gang of four
Vladimir Lenin → Russian communist Politician
The Little Red Book → Published by the government of China from April 1964 until approximately 1976