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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Prolactin
  2. Somatostatin
  3. Beta endorphins
  4. Posterior pituitary
  5. Hypothalamus
  1. a Regulates secretory activity of pituitary gland through neurohormones and action potentials. KNOW HORMONES
  2. b Anterior Pituitary. Play a role in analgesia in response to stress and exercise. Regulation of body temp, food intake, and water balance. Increase in response to stress and exercise.
  3. c an extension of the nervous system and is called the neurohypophysis, continuous with the brain, secretes neurohormones
  4. d Anterior Pituitary. stimulates milk production in lactating females
  5. e Secreted by Delta cells. Inhibits both beta and alpha cells

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Anterior Pituitary. Cause fat breakdown and release of fatty acids into circulatory system
  2. Anterior Pituitary. Stimulates uptake of amino acids and conversion into proteins. Stimulates breakdown of fats and glycogen. Promotes bone and cartilage growth. Increased secretion in response to increase in amino acids, low blood glucose, or stress. Regulated by GHRH and GHIH or somatostatin
  3. Decreased metabolic rate, Weight gain, reduced appetite, Dry and cold skin, Weak, flabby skeletal muscles, sluggish, Myxedema, Apathetic, somnolent, Coarse hair, rough dry skin, Decreased iodide uptake, Possible goiter, Cretinism
  4. Also called hypophyis, secretes 9 major hormones
  5. In epithalamus. Produces Melatonin- enhances sleep, immune response. and Arginine Vasotocin- regulates function of reproductive system in some animals

5 True/False Questions

  1. Thyroid hormonesInclude Triiodothryronine or T3 and Tetraiodothyronine or T4 or thyroxine. Transported in blood. Bind with intracellular receptor molecules and initiate new protein synthesis. Increase rate of glucose, fat, protein metabolism in many tissues thus increasing body temperature. Normal growth of many tissues dependent on thyroid hormones. Calcitonin from parafollicular cells reduces blood calcium levels


  2. Adrenal GlandsAlso called the suprarenal glands. Functions as part of sympathetic nervous system. Composed of medulla and cortex (3 layers- zona glomerulosa, fasciculata, and reticularis). Hormones- Medulla secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine. Cortex secretes mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, androgens


  3. Diabetes MellitusHormone like substance known to stimulate T lymphocyte production


  4. Luteinizing hormong (LH) and Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)Anterior Pituitary. Increases skin pigmentation


  5. Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (THS)Anterior Pituitary. Also called Thyrotropin. Causes release of thyroid hormones from thyroid gland. Controlled by TRH from hypothalamus and thyroid hormones from the thyroid gland


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