deification of a person or thing. In art, often shown as an ascent to heaven or glory, borne by an eagle, angels, or putti.
the small piece of stone, glass, or other object that is pieced together with many others to create a mosaic
a manner of representation in wich the appearance of natural space and objects is re-created with the express intention of fooling the eye of the viewer, who may be convinced that the subject actually exists as three-dimensional reality.
A building material developed by the Romans, made primarily from lime, sand, cement, and rubble mixed with water. Concrete is easily poured or molded when wet and hardens into a particularly strong and durable stonelike substance.
A freestanding, massive stone gateway with a large central arch, built as urban ornament and or to celebrate military victories
A Roman town center; site of temples and administrative buildings and used as a market or gathering area for the citizens
A large rectangular building. Often built witha clerestory, side aisles separated from the center nave by colonnades, and an apse at one of both ends. Roman centers for administration later adapted to christian church use.
Any building constructed in a circular shape, usually producing a large open space crowned by a dome
in architecture, a circular opening. Oculi are usually found either as windows or at the apex of a dome. When at the top of a dome, an oculus is either open to the sky or covered by a decorative exterior lantern
a recessed decorative panel that is used to reduce the weight of and to decorate ceilins or vaults