Group with most salient differences from mainstream group; distrust of mainstream institutions; use clergy as support system in crisis; history of racisim dating back to slavery;
Rigid family roles and structures; feelings of shame and obligation to family; counseling should be problem-focused and formal.
Ataque de Nervios
Self-labled syndrome found in Latinos describing mixture of anxiety, panic, depression, and anger.
development of cultural sensitivity
Four stage process where counselors learn to consider cultural factors when counseling.
Enmeshed family structure; language barriers; different levels of acculturation; strong Catholic religious focus; personalismo; familismo; machismo; marianismo.
Refers to behaviors and traditions particular to a certain cultural group.
Latinos tendency to approach situations dramatically and by fully expressing feelings to others.
Type of family structure focused on belonging, support, and lack of privacy and independence.
Refers to behaviors and traditions of all or most humans regardless of race, ethnicity, or culture.
Refers to the focus latinos give to the family over all relationships.
Term used to describe people whose ethnic origins are based in Central and South America or Mexico.
An alternative term used to describe people whose family hold traditions of Spanish speaking countries.
Term describes the traditional Latina norm of being the self-sacraficing mother and wife.
Refers to Latino males' role as the provider and protector of his family to prove his virility.
Refers to Latinos preference for relationships over tasks and creating a sense of relating in more than a strictly business-like manner.
role of systems theory
Counselor identifies family roles and allowable behavior for particular cultural group; useful for working with minority clients.