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Calcaneus

Heel bone

Os Trigonum

Protruding bone between the calcaneus and the talus

Talus

Ankle bone

Cuboid

Square shaped bone on the outer side of the foot. Between the Calcaneus and the metatarsals

Navicular

Near Cuboid, connect ankle joint and phalanges together

Medial Cuneiform

Bone which attaches to the first metatarsal and the navicular

Intermediate Cuneiform

Bone which attaches to the second metatarsal and the navicular

Lateral Cuneiform

Bone which attaches to the third metatarsal and the navicular and appears to have the cuboid on its right.

Proximal Phalange 1

Big toe bone, closest to the metatarsals

Proximal Phalange 2

2nd toe bone, closest to the metatarsals

Proximal Phalange 3

Middle toe bone, closest to the metatarsals

Proximal Phalange 4

4th toe bone, closest to the metatarsals

Proximal Phalange 5

Pinky toe bone, closest to the metatarsals

Medial Phalange 2

2nd toe bone, between the proximal and distal bones

Medial Phalange 3

3rd toe bone, between the proximal and distal bones

Medial Phalange 4

4th toe bone, between the proximal and distal bones

Medial Phalange 5

5th toe bone, between the proximal and distal bones

Distal Phalange 1

Big toe bone at the end of the toe

Distal Phalange 2

2nd toe bone at the end of the toe

Distal Phalange 3

3rd toe bone at the end of the toe

Distal Phalange 4

4th toe bone at the end of the toe

Distal Phalange 5

5th toe bone at the end of the toe

Morton Short Toe

when the first metatarsal is shorter than the 2nd metatarsal. Causes shift from the ideal weight-bearing patterns by literally shifting the weight. This is particularly true in releve and pointe work.

Hallux Valgus

Misalignment of the first toe. In this condition, the two phalanges of the first toe angle off to the lateral side of the foot. This can result from wearing shoes that are too narrow at the time when the bones of the foot are ossifying.

Tibia

1 of 2 bones of the lower leg. This bone is the larger of the two bones and is the primary weight-bearing bone of the lower leg.

Fibia

1 of 2 bones of the lower leg. This bone has no role in weight bearing and nothing to do with the knee.

Anterior border of the Tibia

Shin

Posterior surface of the Tibia

Back side of the tibia

Lateral Malleolus

End of the Fibula which is located close to the ankle, on the outside of the leg.

Medial Malleolus

End of the Tibia that is located close to the ankle, on the inside of her leg.

Inferior articular surface of tibia

End of the Tibia which connects to the ankle joint

Medial Condyle

Top of the Tibia, on the outside of the leg

Lateral Condyle

Top of the tibia, on the inside of the leg, above the fibula

Intercondylar Eminence

Small protrusion on the top of the tibia

Head of the Fibula

Top of the fibula, close to the knee

Superior articular surface of medial condyle

Top of the tibia which connects to the femur and knee joint

Femur

Longest bone of the body, Thigh bone, main place for growth to occur

Patellar surface

Arch on the inside of the bottom of the femur, connecting point to the knee and patella

Lateral Condyle

End of the femur, outside of the knee

Medial Epicondyle

Towards the middle, protrusion of the femur on the bottom near the knee

Intercondylar fossa or notch

Curve in the middle of the femur, place where many ligaments are held

Lateral Epicondyle

notch on the inside of the knee

Linea aspera

back of the femur where many muscles attach to the bone

Greater Trochanter

Large notch on the top of the femur

Lesser Trochanter

Small notch near the top of the femur

Neck

narrow top part of the femur, which is the holding place for the head of the bone

Head

Top of the femur that allows the "ball and socket" idea of the legs to rotate

Fovea Capitis

Notch on the top of the head of the femur

Lateral Collateral Ligament

Ligament on the inside of the leg, but on the outside of the knee

Medial collateral ligament

Ligament on the outside of the leg, but on the inside of the knee

Lateral meniscus

soft cushion like substance on the inside of the leg, outside of the knee joint

Medial Meniscus

Soft cushion like substance on the outside of the leg, inside of the knee joint

Posterior Cruciate

Ligament that crosses on the inside of the leg

Anterior Cruciate Ligament

Ligament that crosses in front of the Posterior cruiciate, inside of the leg

Oblique popliteal ligament

Ligament on the inside of the knee

ARcuate popliteal ligament

small ligament on the inside of the knee

Osgood- Schlatter disease

inflammation and irritation of the tibial tuberosity

Knocked Knees

Medial condyle is taller than the lateral condyle. Dancers with this condition find it impossible to stand with feet touching in parallel without overlapping knees or hyperextending knee

Bowlegs

Lateral condyle is taller than medial condyle

Chondromalacia of the Patella

The cartilage under your kneecap (patella) is a natural shock absorber. Overuse, injury or other factors may lead to it- a general term indicating damage to the cartilage under your kneecap.

Tibial Torshion

Tibia bows or twists to one side

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