Ch 7 Joint Classification

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Definition of terms for the classification of joints based on their structure and their functions.

Articulation

Point where two bones meet

Arthrology

the study of joints or articulations

Kinesiology

study of human movement

Fibrous Joints

An articulation in which the bones are joined together by dense fibrous connective tissue, lack a joint cavity, and almost no motion is possible. Types are sutures, syndesmosis, and gomphoses.

Cartilaginous Joints

the articulating bones are united by cartilage, they lack joint cavity and not highly movable. 2 types of cartilaginous joints are synchondrosis and symphysis

Synovial Joints

joints that are held together by a joint capsule and ligaments and are most associated with movement in the body

Synarthrosis

an immovable joint

Amphiarthrosis

joint with little movement

Diarthrosis

A freely movable joint

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