Chapter 6 ~ Common Mental Health Diseases

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10 terms · Ch. 6 - The Nervous System and Mental Health

anorexia nervosa

behavioral eating disorder characterized by a low self-image that leads to an intensive fear of gaining weight, causing excessive weight loss and malnutrition

anxiety disorder

emotional instability caused by apprehension and mental tension over the anticipation of real or imagined events

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

learning disorder caused by the failure to focus attention for a given period of time due to abnormally high energy and impulsiveness; a similar condition that prevents the individual from focusing attention for more than a few minutes but does not include hyperactivity is called attention deficit disorder

bipolar disorder

mental disorder in which the patient experiences episodes of extreme changes in mood and energy, ranging from severe depression to mania

bulimia nervosa

behavioral eating disorder that involves uncontrolled eating, or binging, and self-induced vomiting, or purging

clinical depression

mental disorder characterized by overwhelming feelings of sadness and despair, often accompanied by reduced energy and avoidance of social contacts

obsessive-compulsive disorder

mental disorder that involves an uncontrollable need to perform certain motor-skill tasks, repetitive behaviors, or rituals, such as hand washing

phobia

emotional disorder characterized by an intense, irrational fear of an object, environment, or experience; the particular fear is identifief by adding the suffic "-phobia" to the feared item, environment, or experience--such as "arachnophobia", the fear of spiders

post-traumatic stress disorder

emotional disorder characterized by extreme fear and anxiety that results from a traumatic experience, such as a bomb explosion or automobile accident

schizophrenia

a group of psychotic disorders that include that inability to distinguish reality from nonreality, disturbances of language, social withdrawal, and fragmentation of cognitive functions

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