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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. When transferring patients from stretcher to x-ray table, there are several rules that will reduce back strain
  2. Strain on the abdominal muscles
  3. Talipes
  4. Rickets
  5. chest drainage system
  1. a any of a number of deformities of the foot, especially congenital clubfoot; talipes valgus, heel turned outward; talipes varus, heel turned inward; generally characterized by a deformed talus and a shortened Achilles tendon, giving the foot a clubfoot appearance
  2. b closed system that returns negative pressure to the intra pleural space,used to remove abnormal accumulation of air & fluid from pleural space, contains 3 separate chambers;chest tubes are used to remove air, blood, or fluid from the pleural cavity. By draining fluid from the pleural cavity, a collapsed lung, or atelectasis, may be relieved. By relieving the pressure from air in the pleural cavity, a pneumothorax may be reduced
  3. c may be minimized by placing a pillow under the patient's head and a support under the patient's knees. The pillow also relieves neck strain, reduces the chance of aspiration in the nauseated patient, and allows the patient to observe his or her surroundings
  4. d deficiency of vitamin D and usually is found affecting the growing bones of young children. The body's weight on the soft bones of the legs results in bowed and misshapen legs
  5. e Pull, do not push, the patient; pushing increases friction and makes the transfer more difficult. Do not bend at the waist and pull; use your biceps for pulling the patient. Draw the patient as close to you as possible and then lift if necessary

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. often seen in the elderly and is characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage in adjacent bones. The resulting rubbing of bone against bone results in pain and deterioration
  2. systolic pressure higher than 140 mmHg and diastolic pressure higher than 90 mmHg.
  3. the body is laid flat on the back (supine position) with the feet higher than the head; causes the diaphragm to assume a higher position and can cause a patient to become short of breath
  4. semisitting position in which the head of the bead is raised to an angle of at least 45 degrees; Knees may be flexed or horizontal; uses: convenient for eating, reading, visiting, watching TV; relief from lying positions; to promote lung expansion for client with respiratory problem; To assist a client to a sitting position on the edge of the bed
  5. adult condition in which new bone fails to calcify. It is a painful condition and can result in easily fractured bones, especially in the lower extremities

5 True/False questions

  1. components of chest drainage systemOne component is a chamber that collects the draining fluid. Another component is the suction control chamber. A third component is the water seal chamber, which prevents air from the atmosphere from entering the system. The last component is the water seal venting chamber, which allows air to leave the system, thus preventing pressure buildup. In order for the unit to work properly, it must remain below the level of the chest

          

  2. Sims' positionleft posterior oblique (LPO) position with the right leg flexed up for insertion of the enema tip; , pt. is on left side w/left leg slightly flexed and the right leg sharply flexed upward; allows for exam of the anus and rectum

          

  3. Shockextremely low blood pressure, that is, a systolic blood pressure reading lower than 60 mmHg (below 90 mmHg is considered low blood pressure).

          

  4. Hypertensioncan be identified as extreme or moderate

          

  5. Orthopnearespiratory condition in which the patient has difficulty breathing (dyspnea) in any position other than erect. The patient is usually comfortable in the erect, standing, or seated position

          

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