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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Moderate hypertension
  2. components of chest drainage system
  3. When transferring patients from stretcher to x-ray table, there are several rules that will reduce back strain
  4. Osteomalacia
  5. Orthopnea
  1. a respiratory condition in which the patient has difficulty breathing (dyspnea) in any position other than erect. The patient is usually comfortable in the erect, standing, or seated position
  2. b One component is a chamber that collects the draining fluid. Another component is the suction control chamber. A third component is the water seal chamber, which prevents air from the atmosphere from entering the system. The last component is the water seal venting chamber, which allows air to leave the system, thus preventing pressure buildup. In order for the unit to work properly, it must remain below the level of the chest
  3. c Pull, do not push, the patient; pushing increases friction and makes the transfer more difficult. Do not bend at the waist and pull; use your biceps for pulling the patient. Draw the patient as close to you as possible and then lift if necessary
  4. d adult condition in which new bone fails to calcify. It is a painful condition and can result in easily fractured bones, especially in the lower extremities
  5. e can cause damage to organs—the lungs, kidneys, brain, heart, etc. Various disease processes can produce hypertension as well as contributing factors such as medications, obesity, smoking, and stress

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. the body is laid flat on the back (supine position) with the feet higher than the head; causes the diaphragm to assume a higher position and can cause a patient to become short of breath
  2. semisitting position in which the head of the bead is raised to an angle of at least 45 degrees; Knees may be flexed or horizontal; uses: convenient for eating, reading, visiting, watching TV; relief from lying positions; to promote lung expansion for client with respiratory problem; To assist a client to a sitting position on the edge of the bed
  3. often seen in the elderly and is characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage in adjacent bones. The resulting rubbing of bone against bone results in pain and deterioration
  4. 110 to 140 mmHg systolic and 60 to 80 mmHg diastolic
  5. can result in brain damage within just a few minutes

5 True/False Questions

  1. Ricketsdeficiency of vitamin D and usually is found affecting the growing bones of young children. The body's weight on the soft bones of the legs results in bowed and misshapen legs


  2. Coxa plana (Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease)a painful incomplete separation of the tibial tuberosity from the tibial shaft. It is often seen in active adolescent boys


  3. Hypertensioncan be identified as extreme or moderate


  4. Osteochondritis (Osgood-Schlatter disease)ischemic necrosis leading to flattening of the femoral head


  5. Trendelenburg positionleft posterior oblique (LPO) position with the right leg flexed up for insertion of the enema tip; , pt. is on left side w/left leg slightly flexed and the right leg sharply flexed upward; allows for exam of the anus and rectum


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