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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Orthopnea
  2. Sims' position
  3. Hypertension
  4. Muscular dystrophy
  5. Osteoarthritis
  1. a a congenital disorder characterized by wasting of skeletal muscles
  2. b often seen in the elderly and is characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage in adjacent bones. The resulting rubbing of bone against bone results in pain and deterioration
  3. c respiratory condition in which the patient has difficulty breathing (dyspnea) in any position other than erect. The patient is usually comfortable in the erect, standing, or seated position
  4. d can be identified as extreme or moderate
  5. e left posterior oblique (LPO) position with the right leg flexed up for insertion of the enema tip; , pt. is on left side w/left leg slightly flexed and the right leg sharply flexed upward; allows for exam of the anus and rectum

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Pull, do not push, the patient; pushing increases friction and makes the transfer more difficult. Do not bend at the waist and pull; use your biceps for pulling the patient. Draw the patient as close to you as possible and then lift if necessary
  2. ischemic necrosis leading to flattening of the femoral head
  3. may be minimized by placing a pillow under the patient's head and a support under the patient's knees. The pillow also relieves neck strain, reduces the chance of aspiration in the nauseated patient, and allows the patient to observe his or her surroundings
  4. extremely low blood pressure, that is, a systolic blood pressure reading lower than 60 mmHg (below 90 mmHg is considered low blood pressure).
  5. One component is a chamber that collects the draining fluid. Another component is the suction control chamber. A third component is the water seal chamber, which prevents air from the atmosphere from entering the system. The last component is the water seal venting chamber, which allows air to leave the system, thus preventing pressure buildup. In order for the unit to work properly, it must remain below the level of the chest

5 True/False questions

  1. Fowler's positionleft posterior oblique (LPO) position with the right leg flexed up for insertion of the enema tip; , pt. is on left side w/left leg slightly flexed and the right leg sharply flexed upward; allows for exam of the anus and rectum

          

  2. Talipesdeficiency of vitamin D and usually is found affecting the growing bones of young children. The body's weight on the soft bones of the legs results in bowed and misshapen legs

          

  3. Osteochondritis (Osgood-Schlatter disease)a painful incomplete separation of the tibial tuberosity from the tibial shaft. It is often seen in active adolescent boys

          

  4. High blood pressuresystolic pressure higher than 140 mmHg and diastolic pressure higher than 90 mmHg.

          

  5. Moderate hypertensioncan result in brain damage within just a few minutes

          

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