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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Trendelenburg position
  2. Normal blood pressure
  3. Talipes
  4. Osteomalacia
  5. chest drainage system
  1. a any of a number of deformities of the foot, especially congenital clubfoot; talipes valgus, heel turned outward; talipes varus, heel turned inward; generally characterized by a deformed talus and a shortened Achilles tendon, giving the foot a clubfoot appearance
  2. b closed system that returns negative pressure to the intra pleural space,used to remove abnormal accumulation of air & fluid from pleural space, contains 3 separate chambers;chest tubes are used to remove air, blood, or fluid from the pleural cavity. By draining fluid from the pleural cavity, a collapsed lung, or atelectasis, may be relieved. By relieving the pressure from air in the pleural cavity, a pneumothorax may be reduced
  3. c the body is laid flat on the back (supine position) with the feet higher than the head; causes the diaphragm to assume a higher position and can cause a patient to become short of breath
  4. d 110 to 140 mmHg systolic and 60 to 80 mmHg diastolic
  5. e adult condition in which new bone fails to calcify. It is a painful condition and can result in easily fractured bones, especially in the lower extremities

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a congenital disorder characterized by wasting of skeletal muscles
  2. position is helpful in several radiographic procedures, such as separating redundant bowel loops and demonstration of hiatal hernias. It is also used in treating shock
  3. systolic pressure higher than 140 mmHg and diastolic pressure higher than 90 mmHg.
  4. can cause damage to organs—the lungs, kidneys, brain, heart, etc. Various disease processes can produce hypertension as well as contributing factors such as medications, obesity, smoking, and stress
  5. respiratory condition in which the patient has difficulty breathing (dyspnea) in any position other than erect. The patient is usually comfortable in the erect, standing, or seated position

5 True/False questions

  1. Sims' positionsemisitting position in which the head of the bead is raised to an angle of at least 45 degrees; Knees may be flexed or horizontal; uses: convenient for eating, reading, visiting, watching TV; relief from lying positions; to promote lung expansion for client with respiratory problem; To assist a client to a sitting position on the edge of the bed

          

  2. components of chest drainage systemclosed system that returns negative pressure to the intra pleural space,used to remove abnormal accumulation of air & fluid from pleural space, contains 3 separate chambers;chest tubes are used to remove air, blood, or fluid from the pleural cavity. By draining fluid from the pleural cavity, a collapsed lung, or atelectasis, may be relieved. By relieving the pressure from air in the pleural cavity, a pneumothorax may be reduced

          

  3. Osteoarthritisoften seen in the elderly and is characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage in adjacent bones. The resulting rubbing of bone against bone results in pain and deterioration

          

  4. Hypertensioncan be identified as extreme or moderate

          

  5. Osteochondritis (Osgood-Schlatter disease)a painful incomplete separation of the tibial tuberosity from the tibial shaft. It is often seen in active adolescent boys

          

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