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5 Written questions

4 Matching questions

  1. Trendelenburg position
  2. Fowler's position
  3. Hypertension
  4. Rickets
  1. a can be identified as extreme or moderate
  2. b the body is laid flat on the back (supine position) with the feet higher than the head; causes the diaphragm to assume a higher position and can cause a patient to become short of breath
  3. c deficiency of vitamin D and usually is found affecting the growing bones of young children. The body's weight on the soft bones of the legs results in bowed and misshapen legs
  4. d semisitting position in which the head of the bead is raised to an angle of at least 45 degrees; Knees may be flexed or horizontal; uses: convenient for eating, reading, visiting, watching TV; relief from lying positions; to promote lung expansion for client with respiratory problem; To assist a client to a sitting position on the edge of the bed

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. any of a number of deformities of the foot, especially congenital clubfoot; talipes valgus, heel turned outward; talipes varus, heel turned inward; generally characterized by a deformed talus and a shortened Achilles tendon, giving the foot a clubfoot appearance
  2. may be minimized by placing a pillow under the patient's head and a support under the patient's knees. The pillow also relieves neck strain, reduces the chance of aspiration in the nauseated patient, and allows the patient to observe his or her surroundings
  3. 110 to 140 mmHg systolic and 60 to 80 mmHg diastolic
  4. left posterior oblique (LPO) position with the right leg flexed up for insertion of the enema tip; , pt. is on left side w/left leg slightly flexed and the right leg sharply flexed upward; allows for exam of the anus and rectum
  5. a congenital disorder characterized by wasting of skeletal muscles

5 True/False questions

  1. chest drainage systemclosed system that returns negative pressure to the intra pleural space,used to remove abnormal accumulation of air & fluid from pleural space, contains 3 separate chambers;chest tubes are used to remove air, blood, or fluid from the pleural cavity. By draining fluid from the pleural cavity, a collapsed lung, or atelectasis, may be relieved. By relieving the pressure from air in the pleural cavity, a pneumothorax may be reduced


  2. Shockextremely low blood pressure, that is, a systolic blood pressure reading lower than 60 mmHg (below 90 mmHg is considered low blood pressure).


  3. Osteochondritis (Osgood-Schlatter disease)a painful incomplete separation of the tibial tuberosity from the tibial shaft. It is often seen in active adolescent boys


  4. Orthopnearespiratory condition in which the patient has difficulty breathing (dyspnea) in any position other than erect. The patient is usually comfortable in the erect, standing, or seated position


  5. Osteoarthritisoften seen in the elderly and is characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage in adjacent bones. The resulting rubbing of bone against bone results in pain and deterioration


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