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State

an area organized into a political uint and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs.

Sovereignty

independence from control of its internal affairs by other states

Micro-States

states with very small land area

City-States

a sovereign state that comprises a town and the surrounding countryside

Colony

a territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than being completely independent.

Colonialism

the effort by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles on such territory

Imperialism

control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society

Boundary

an invisible line marking the extent of a state's territory

Compact State

the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly

Prorupted State

an otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension

Elongated State

states with a long and narrow shape

Fragmented State

includes several discontinuous pieces of territory

Perforated State

a state that completely surrounds another one

Landlocked State

lacks a direct outlet to the sea because it is completely surrounded by several other countries

Frontier

a zone where no state exercises complete political control

Unitary State

places most power in the hands of central government officials

Federal State

allocates strong power to units of local government within the country

Gerrymandering

the process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power

Terrorism

the systematic use of violence by a group in order to intimidate a population or coerce a government into granting its demands

Taliban

"students of Muslim religious schools"

Pan-Arab Nationalism

belief that several hundred million arabs living in the vast territory between North Africa and Central Asia should be joined together into one powerful nation-state

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