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Enzymes involved in vitamins, amino acid biosynthesis,

Galactokinase + ATP

Galactose --> Galactose-1-Phosphate+ADP

Epimerase

UDP-galactose--> UDP glucose

Galactose-1-Phosphate Uridyltransferase

Galactose-1-phosphate--> UDP Galactose

Hexokinase+ATP

Fructose--->Fructose-6-Phosphate+ ADP

Fructokinase

Fructose--> Fructose-1-Phosphate

Aldolase B

Fructose-1-Phosphate--> DAP+ Glyceraldehyde

Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (mito)

Acetaldeyhyde--> acetate
alcohol metabolism

Alcohol dehydrogenase (cyto)

Alcohol--> acetaldehyde
Deficiency: Flushing

Acetyl thiokinase (mito)

acetate--> acetyl coA

Disulfiram

Treatment for alcohol abuse
Inhibit acetylaldehyde dehydrogenase

Linolenate

Omega-3
PUFA
Essential fatty acid
Fish
Deficiency: Learning difficulties, impaired vision

Arachidonate

Omega-6
PUFA
Essential fatty acid
Seeds
Deficiency: Growth retardation, skin lesions, reprod failure, increased CVD

Bile salts

Fat droplets-micelles

Pancreatic lipase

Droplets--> TAG--> f.a + glycerol
Phospholipids--> lysophospholipid+f.a
Cholesterol esters--> cholesterol + f.a

HMG-CoA reductase

3 Acetyl-CoA--> Cholesterol

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