hereditary chief executive of Holland (Netherlands)
central government of Holland
son of Mary Queen of Scots, king of Scotland and England. tried not to call parliament, found other ways to make money (impositions). Duke of Buck. was his gay lover. He was Anglican (secret Catholic). Died in 1625 when puritans were a major threat to Anglicans and Catholics
Many left England and founded Plymouth Colony
Duke of Buckingham
James I's secret lover. He convinced James I to keep England out of the 30 years war, and to enforce impositions.
Succeeded James I as King of England. He fought a lot with Parliament. So he stopped calling Parliament (Personal Rule). Enforced Ship Money. He alienated big group, Puritans, in attempts to restore England to Catholicism. He had to call Parliament back (Short..). Big showdown between Charles and Parliament, he was found guilty and executed.
Puritans were in charge of the House of Commons, a "republic" institution of England. Led by Oliver Cromwell
Supported Charles I (Royalists)
Anti-Charles, pro-Parliament. Led by Oliver Cromwell, had their huge New Model Army
leader of the Puritan Republic (Oliver Cromwell)
Petition of Right
A petition passed by Parliament limiting the king's power (Charles I thought it was a joke). He stopped calling Parliament
The restorationof the monarchy in England under Charles II
A series of laws passed by extreme royalists in Parliament that excluded Roman catholics, presbyterians, and Independents from politics and religious life of England
Treaty of Dover
In 1670, England and France kings (Charles II and Louis XIV) hada secret meeting and allied against the Dutch, as long as Charles promised to announce his conversion to Catholicism to England.
Declaration of Indulgences
Charles II passed this in 1672 that suspended laws against roman catholics and non-anglican Protestants. Parliament reacted by refusing to fund the war against the Dutch
Parliament passed this in response to Charles II's declaration of indulgences; required all military members to swear an oath against transubstantiation.
made up stories that Charles II's wife was plotting against him because he was a true Anglican and was having an affair with his brother James
Ensuing hysteria caused by Titus Oates' story and how Parliament believed him. Charles burst into Parliament and replaced them with Catholics then died in 1685.
Became king after Charles II died in 1685. He dissolved Parliament, repealed Test Act. Had a son that was heir, but england wanted his protestant daughter Mary II to succeed him
English wanted James II's daughter Mary II to be heir, and her husband William III of Orange (protestants), so they were welcomed greatly as new rulers of england to restore traditional liberties in 1689. (Joined England and Netherlands)
Bill of Rights
recognized By William and MAry, that limited the monarchy's powers and guaranteed civil liberties of the English priveleged classes. Parliament would be called every 3 years. It prohibited Roman CAtholics from occupying throne
Tolerance Act of 1689
It allowed worship by Protestants and outlawed only Roman Catholics and those who denied Christian doctrine of the Trinity.
Act of Settlement (1701)
It made sure the English crown would go to the Protestant House of Hanover in Germany if Anne, the 2nd daughter of James II and heir to throne, died without issue. So King George I became king of england in 1714.