first state to enact social welfare legislation
Abolition of Serfdom
first and most important of the Great Reforms in Russia
local government institution established by Great Reforms in Russia
pushed for a centralized democratic Italian republic
attack on the Catholic Church by Bismarck
charismatic leader of the Red Shirts who annexed the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
Conflict lost by Russian to France and Great Britain that resulted in the freeing of the serfs
land claimed by Denmark on its southern border but taken by force by the German Federation led by Prussia
customs union controlled by Prussia that excluded Austria
main new crop in the United States that required large importations of slaves
Jewish leader that called for the creation of a homeland for European Jews
War between France and Prussia engineered by Bismarck and won by Prussia with help of German Confederation
Great Reforms in Russia
1) freeing the serfs, 2) introducing local government (zemstvo) 3) establishing independent courts 4) censorship relaxed 5) better treatment of Jews
Mexican War of 1848
War won by U.S. that resulted in gaining large tract of land from Texas to California
Russian minister of finance who improved the infrastructure, established high trade tariffs and put Russia on gold standard
German who felt that nations should support their economies. He inspired Witte of Russia
Tsar of Russia who brought about the Great Reforms but was assassinated
minister of Prussia that brought German Confederation together its lead. He opposed socialism.
French episode where Captain Dreyfus was falsely accused by the army and the church largely because he was a Jew. The case revived dislike of the Catholic Church by republicans.
Liberal Party of Great Britain
Eliminated House of Lords, increased taxes on the rich and passed a national health program.
German Social Democratic Party
Became dominant party in Germany by taking on a more patriotic tone and broadening their base.
multinational group of socialists organized by Karl Marx in 1860s- short lived
second multinational group of socialists organized by Marx in the 90s that called for an annual worker's strike on May 1st
socialist who preached change through elections rather than revolution
national parliament created in Russia in the aftermath of the revolution of 1905
The Lower House of the Legislative Assembly in Germany.
In Russia 1905 Russian soldiers inadvertently opened fire on demonstrators, turning them against the Tsar. Start of the Revolution.
the followers of the 19th century Italian nationalist leader Giuseppe Garibaldi.
a policy for establishing and developing a national homeland for Jews in Palestine
This was issued by Nicholas II; granted full civil rights to people and opened up the Duma.