Unequal Treaty System
The Treaty of Nanjing (1842) ended the war and established a new pattern for european trade with asia, thus the unequal treaty system
Cities opened to foreign residents as a result of the forced treaties between the Qing Empire and foreign signatories. In the treaty ports, foreigners enjoyed extraterritoriality., It was the name given to the port cities in China, Japan, and Korea that were opened to foreign trade by the Unequal Treaties.
Sphere of Influence
An area of one country under the control of another. In China, these areas guaranteed specific trading privileges to each imperialist nation within its respective sphere.
Open Door Policy
Broke down the spheres of influence in China and showed how the U.S. was becoming more powerful in world affairs. It was created in response to the fact that Americans feared that other nations would prevent them from trading in China.
The Boxer Rebellion was the final uprising in China adding to the end of the Taipline Rebellion. In this rebellion it was the Boxers which were trained in martial arts and believed that foreign bullets couldn't touch them, against the government and foreign in the end the government prevailed with their weaponry.
president of China. Three principles: nationalism, democracy and social well-being. 5 power constitution: executive, legislative, judicial, censorate and civil service exam system. Believed people should be proud of their heritage. Anti-Manchu dynasty ideas. Led the Guomindang.
one of the self-sufficient religous communities set up by American and European Christians in West Africa
Livingstone and Stanley
Popular interest in Africa reached high point during the travels of Scottish medical missionary named David Livingstone
The Great Trek
took place in South Africa where from 1835-1840 12,000 Boers trekked to North Africa to escape the influence of British rule. called themselves Afrikaners and created a hybrid language called Afrikaans which incorporated many European languages
Relationship between 2 states in which the stronger state guarantees to protect the weaker state from external aggression in return for full or partial control of its domestic and foreign affairs.