Music Appreciation Test 1

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First 10 chapters in Music an Appreciation 7th edition

Timbre is synonymous with

tone color

Degrees of loudness and softness in music are called

dynamics

The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called

pitch

The distance between the lowest and the highest tones that a voice or instrument can produce is called

pitch range

The Italian dynamic marking traditionally used to indicate very soft, loud, and very loud are (respectively)

pianissimo, forte, fortissimo

The pitch of a sound is decided by the _______of its vibrations

frequency

The distance in pitch between any two tones is called

an interval

When two different tones blend so well when sounded together that they almost seem to merge into one tone, the interval is called a(n)

octave

The frequency of vibrations is measured in

cycles per second

A dynamic accent occurs in music when a performer

emphasizes a tone by playing it more loudly than the tones around it

A gradual increase in loudness is known as a

crescendo

In music, a sound that has a definite pitch is called a

tone

Music can be defined as

an art based on the organization of sounds in time

In general, the smaller the vibrating element, the ______ its pitch

higher

A thin piece of cane, used singly or in pairs by woodwind players, is called a

reed

The strings of a violin are tuned

by tightening or loosening the pegs

The lowest instrument in the orchestra is the

contrabassoon

Systems of electronic components that generate, modify, and control sound are called

synthesizers

A part of an instrument's total range is called a

register

The bow that string players usually use to produce sound on their instruments is a slightly curved stick strung tightly with

horsehair

The highest woodwind instrument in the orchestra is the

piccolo

If a string player uses vibrato by rocking the left hand to produce small pitch fluctuations it is because

using vibrato make the tone warmer and more expressive

Plucking the string with the finger instead of using a bow is called

pizzicato

Symphonic bands differ from symphonic orchestras in that they

do not contain a string section

A piece of wood or plastic that brass players use to alter the tone of their instruments is called a

mute

Woodwind instruments are so named because they

were originally made of wood

The range of a singer's voice depends on

training and physical makeup

The very high-pitched tones that are produced when a string player lightly touches certain points on a string are called

harmonics

The main tool of composers of electronic music during the 1950s was the

tape studio

The regular pulsation that divides music into equal units of time is known as a(n)

beat

When a measure has two beats, it is said to be be in

duple meter

The organization of beats into regular groups is known as

meter

"Vivace" is a tempo indication which denotes a

lively tempo

In syncopation, a _________ is accented

weak beat

Rhythm is the ordered flow of music through

time

When individual notes are stressed by being played louder or longer than surrounding notes the are said to have

an accent

Which of the following tempo indications is the slowest: allegro, allegretto, vivace, presto?

allegretto

A system of writing music is known as

notation

The _______ shows the pitch of each line and space on the staff

clef

Adding a dot to a note increases its duration by

half

The meter of a piece is shown by its

time signature

A C# is _________ than a C.

higher

A combination of three or more tomes sounded at the same time is called

a chord

Harmony refers to

the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other

The triad built on the fifth step of the scale is called the

dominant chord

Resolution refers to a(n)

dissonant chord moving to a consonant chord

________ in music adds support, depth, and richness to a melody.

harmony

When the individual tones of a chord are sounded one after another instead of simultaneously, it is called a broken chord or

arpeggio

A combination of tones that is considered unstable and tense is called a

dissonance

Traditionally, a composition would almost always end on a

tonic chord

A series of chords is called a(n)

progression

A combination of tones that is considered stable and restful is called a

consonance

Key refers to

a central tone, chord, and scale

Another term for key is

tonality

In traditional western music, the _______ is the smallest interval between successive tones of a scale

half step

A shift from one key to another within the same composition is called

modulation

The central tone around which a musical composition is organized is called the

tonic

Retaining some features of a musical idea while changing others is called

variation

Ternary form can be represented as

as statement, contrast, return; or A B A; or A B A'

The organization of musical ideas in time is called

form

The form consisting of a musical statement followed by a counterstatement would be called

binary

Changes in musical style from one historical period to the next are usually

continuous

We know little about the music of very ancient civilizations because

very little notated music has survived from these cultures

Musical texture refers to

how layers of sound are related to each other

When a melodic idea is presented by one voice or instrument and then immediately by another voice or instrument, the technique is calledc

imitation

A round is an example of

strict imitation

When there is one main melody accompanied by chords, the textures is

homophonic

The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is

monophonic

Performance of a single melodic line by more than one instrument or voice is described as playing or singing in

unison

The technique of combining several melodic lines into a meaningful whole is called

counterpoint

When two or more melodic lines of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is

polyphonic

Contrapuntal texture is sometimes used in place of the term

polyphonic texture

A melodic phrase ending that sets up expectations for continuation is known as a(n)

incomplete cadence

A series of single tones that add up to a recognizable whole is called a

melody

The emotional focal point of a melody is called the

climax

The repetition of a melodic pattern at a higher or lower pitch is called a

sequence

A resting place at the end of a phrase is called a

cadence

A shorter part of a melody is called a

phrase

Legato refers to playing or singing a melody

in a smooth, connected style

A melody that serves as the starting point for a more extended piece of music is called a

theme

A melody is said to move by steps if it moves by

adjacent scale tones

A short, detached style of playing a melody is known as

staccato

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