Ch. 5 MC

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dreams

Consciousness includes awareness of all of the following EXCEPT:*
a. external events
b. internal sensations
c. dreams
d. self

c

If you could tape-record your thoughts, you would find:
a. a system of hierarchically organized cognitions
b. one central thought and multiple, related subsidiary thoughts
c. an endless flow of ideas that constantly shifts and changes
d. an organized system of parallel thoughts

levels of awareness

According to Sigmund Feud, conscious and unconscious processes are different:*
a. levels of reality
b. levels of awareness
c. streams of awareness
d. streams of consciousness

d

An electroencephalograph is a device that measures:
a. glucose metabolism in the brain
b. muscle tension in the body
c. respiration rates as an index of arousal
d. electrical activity of the brain

d

the four basic EEG patterns are:
a. alpha, beta, gamma, delta
b. beta, theta, omega, gamma
c. theta, delta, beta, omega
d. alpha, beta, theta, delta

beta

the EEG pattern associated with normal, waking, alert states is:*
a. gamma
b. beta
c. alpha
d. delta

deep sleep

The delta wave EEG pattern is associated with:*
a. dreaming
b. deep sleep
c. a waking state
d. none of these states

beta waves

At this moment, as you are concentrating on answering this exam question correctly, your dominant brain wave pattern MOST likely consists of:*
a. alpha waves
b. beta waves
c. delta waves
d. theta waves

alpha waves

If you were to lie down under a tree and relax, but not fall asleep, your dominant brain wave pattern would MOST likely consist of:*
a. alpha waves
b. beta waves
c. delta waves
d. theta waves

a

According to recent research, we are MOST likely to fall asleep:
a. as our body temperature begins to drop
b. when it gets dark
c. when our body temperature stabilizes at normal
d. as our body temperatures begins to climb

c

Kayla's core body temperature has risen 1.5 degrees in the last half hour. This change in body temperature means that it is most likely that Kayla:
a. has just fallen asleep
b. will fall asleep in the next 60 minutes
c. has just woken up
d. has been meditating for the past 30 minutes

c

Based on what is known about circadian rhythms and jet lag, you might expect that a flight attendant would experience the most jet lag on a flight from:
a. Philadelphia to San Francisco (east to west)
b. Minneapolis to Houston (north to south)
c. San Francisco to Philadelphia (west to east)
d. Houston to Minneapolis (south to north)

c

People generally fall asleep as their body temperature _____ and awaken as it _____.
a. becomes stable; starts to fluctuate
b. starts to fluctuate; becomes stable
c. begins to drop; begins to increase
d. begins to increase; begins to drop

PET

which of the following instruments is NOT usually used to monitor sleep in the laboratory?
a. EEG
b. EMG
c. PET
d. EOG

electromyograph (EMG)

Felicia is being monitored in a sleep lab. Which of the following instruments would MOST likely be use to measure her muscle tension?*
a. electromyograph
b. circadiometer
c. electroencephalograph
d. polygraph

electrooculograph (EOG)

Philippe is being monitored in a sleep lab. Which of the following instrument would MOST likely be used to measure his eye movements?*
a. electromyograph
b. electrooculograph
c. electroencephalograph
d. polygraph

theta waves

Stage 1 sleep is represented by EEG brain-wave patterns referred to as:*
a. alpha waves
b. REM waves
c. theta waves
d. zeta waves

stage 4

The stage of sleep in which the slowest brain waves occur is:*
a. stage 1
b. stage 2
c. REM
d. stage 4

REM sleep

A rapid EEG (beta waves), dreaming, rapid eye movements, and profound muscle relaxation go with:*
a. stage 1 sleep
b. stage 2 sleep
c. REM sleep
d. relaxed wakefulness

a

During sleep, voluntary muscle activity:
a. is at its lowest during REM sleep
b. is at its highest during REM sleep
c. does not occur in NREM sleep
d. does not occur during either REM or NREM sleep

REM sleep

Dreaming is typically associated with:*
a. REM sleep
b. stage 1 sleep
c. stage 2 sleep
d. stage 4 sleep

c

"Manny got out of bed and began doing calisthenics during REM sleep, probably because he was dreaming about boot camp." What is WRONG with this statement?
a. sleep is a relaxed condition of the body and, as ,such, precludes physical activity
b. research shows that no dreaming takes place in REM sleep
c. research shows that we are virtually paralyzed in REM sleep
d. Manny was never in boot camp so he is not likely to be dreaming about it

d

Studies indicate that partial sleep depreivation can impair which of the following?
a. attention
b. reaction time
c. decision making
d. all of the above

d

Shelby took part in a research study in which, for three consecutive nights, she was awakened each time she entered REM sleep. Now that Shelby is back at home, it is likely that she will:
a. spend less time in REM sleep than she did before she took part in the study
b. develop insomnia and show general disturbances in her sleep patterns
c. spend extra time in both slow-wave and REM sleep for several nights
d. spend extra time in REM sleep for several nights

an insomniac

Matthew has persistent early-morning awakening from sleep. He is MOST likely:*
a. a hypersomniac
b. an insomniac
c. a somnambulist
d. a phototrapist

insomnia

For the past week Laura has had difficulty falling asleep at night. Even though she goes to bed at her usual time, she lays awake for several hours before she finally drifts off to sleep. It appears that Laura is experiencing:*
a. narcolepsy
b. sleep apnea
c. insomnia
d. night terrors

c

Nathaniel's wife cannot sleep through the night. She claims that her husband seems to stop breathing in his sleep and then suddenly jerks awake, gasping for breath. This not only disturbs his sleep, it also awakens her. It is likely that Nathaniel:
a. has narcolepsy
b. is experiencing night terrors
c. has sleep apnea
d. has developed pseudoinsomnia

somnambulism

Iris has been asleep for less than an hour. Her parents are surprised when she walks into the living room, and they tell her to go back to sleep. the next day Iris does not remember getting up after she went to bed. From this description it appears that Iris experienced:*
a. a night terror
b. somnambulism
c. a nightmare
d. an episode of sleep apnea

d

Difference between a nightmare and a night terror include all of the following EXCEPT:
a. nightmares tend to occur in REM sleep; night terrors occur in N-REM
b. nightmares produce vivid dreams; night terrors do not
c. night terrors produce intense feelings of panic; nightmares produce anxiety responses
d nightmares tend to happen most frequently in the first 2 hours of sleep and night terrors in the last few hours

d

which of the following statements regarding sleepwalking is MOST accurate?
a. sleepwalking is generally a manifestation of underlying psychological problems
b. it is unsafe to awaken a sleepwalker
c. sleepwalking typically occurs while the person is dreaming
d. there appears to be a genetic predisposition to sleepwalking

hypnosis

A systematic procedure that typically produces a heightened sate of suggestibility is know as what?*
a. mesmerization
b. hypnosis
c. hallucinations
d. hypersomnia

d

Research suggest that about ______ of the population does not respond to hypnosis.
a. 1-2%
b. 25-30%
c. 40%
d. 10-20%

c

Research suggest that about _____ of people are exceptionally good hypnotic subjects.
a. 1-2%
b. 20-25%
c. 10-15%
d. 40%

d

which of the following is NOT a common effect of hypnosis?
a. auditory and visual hallucinations
b. the reduction of inhibitions
c. some resistance to pain
d. total loss of personal control

c

A stage hypnotist is sometimes successful in getting people to disrobe in public. What is the BEST explanation for this phenomenon?
a. when hypnotized, a subject comes under the total control of the hypnotist and will follow any instructions to the letter
b. the subject is ca confederate of the hypnotist and disrobes while pretending to be hypnotized
c. when hypnotized, subjects are able to convince themselves that they cannot be held responsible for their actions
d. the hypnotist is careful to select only those subjects who look as if they would enjoy disrobing in public

T

when people are under surgical anesthesia, the mental processing of external stimuli is temporarily suspended.

F

Among the physiological changes that occur when you are dreaming is increased voluntary muscle activity.

T

The content of a person's dreams can be affected by external stimuli that are present while the person is sleeping.

T

Regular meditation is associated with lower levels of stress, enhanced immune response and a reduction in anxiety and drug abuse.

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