Chapter 5 - The American Revolution

25 terms by mecowan

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government

the laws and people that rule a country

French and Indian war

war between Great Britian and France

Stamp Act

placed taxes on items like newspapers and pamphlets

Patriots

colonists who were against British rule

Loyalists

colonists who remained loyal to Britain

militia

a volunteer group of soldiers

American Revolution

war fought by the 13 colonies to gain their freedom from Great Britain

Continental Congress

a meeting of colonial leaders to talk about how they should deal with Great Britain

Declaration of Independence

a document written by Thomas Jefferson explaining why the 13 colonies should be free of British rule

George Washington

first President of the United States who fought in the French and Indian War and led the Continental Army during the American Revolution

William Johnson

British leader who convinced the Iroquois not to take sides in the French and Indian War

Ethan Allen

leader of the Green Mountain Boys who captured Fort Ticonderoga from the British in the American Revolution

John Jay

wrote many important papers during the Continental Congress

Thomas Jefferson

wrote the Declaration of Independence

Fort Niagara

fort built by the French at the mouth of the Niagara River

Fort Ticonderoga

fort located between Lake George and Lake Champlain

surrender

to give up

retreat

to turn back

Battle of Saratoga

battle won by the Americans - it helped convince France that the Americans could win the Revolutionary War

Battle of Yorktown

final battle of the Revolutionary War

Sarah Jay

wife of patriot John Jay

Sybil Ludington

daughter of a colonel in the New York milita - she warned militia members that the British had arrived in Danbury

John Burgoyne

British general who was defeated at the Battle of Saratoga

Joseph Brant

Mohawk leader who sided with the British at the Battle of Oriskany

Horatio Gates

American general who defeated the British at the Battle of Saratoga

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