APUSH Exam Study

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During the civil war women in the north

had new opportunities open to them in industry

The only major northern industry that suffered economic reversal during the civil war was

foreign shipping

During the civil war, the union

launched a new national banking system

To fill the army's demand for troops, the north relied mainly on

volunteers

As president of the confederacy, Jefferson Davis didn't exercise the arbitrary power wielded by lincoln because

of the souths emphasis on states rights

As a leader of the confederacy, Jefferson Davis

defied rather than led public opinion

The southern cause was weakened by

the concept of states rights that the confederacy confessed

During the civil war

relations between the US and Canada were at times very poor

France abandoned its attempts to control Mexico

because the US threatened to send soldiers to for France to leave

Napoleon III attempt to instill Maximillian on Mexican throne was a clear violation of

the Monroe Doctrine

The confederates most effective commerce raider was the

Alabama

Confederate commerce raiders such as the Alabama

proved effective against union shipping

During the civil war, diplomacy for the union and confederacy

was critical for both

During the civil war, Britain and the US were nearly provoked into war by

The Trent Affair, involving the removal of southern democrats

The south believed the British would come to its aid because

Britain was dependent on southern cotton

Supposed asset for the south at the beginning of the civil war that never materialized to its full advantage was

intervention from Britain and France

To find effective, high level commanders, the union

used trial and error

Northern soldiers eventually became known for their

discipline and determination

North's greatest strength in the civil war was

economy

The greatest weakness of the south was

economy

As the civil war began south seemed advantage of

more talented military leaders

To achieve its independence the confederacy had to

fight the invading union army to a draw

In return for support from plains Indians during the civil war

waged war on them and herded them into reserves

During the civil war most of the five civilized tribes in Indian territory of present day Oklahoma

supported the confederacy

Lincolns declaration of the north sought to preserve the union without slavery

revealed influence of border states on policies

In order to persuade border states to remain in the union, president Lincoln

declared martial law where needed

Confederate batteries fired on fort Sumter when it was learned that

Lincoln had ordered supplies sent to the fort

President Lincolns decision on what to do about the situation at fort Sumter can be best described as

cautious

European powers favored the civil war because

war would weaken US power in western hemisphere

The assassination of Abraham Lincoln

was a calamity for the south

General Ulysses S Grant's basic strategy in the civil war involved

assailing the enemy's army simultaneous and directly

The union armys victory in the capture of ____ was probably critical to lincolns re-election in 1864

Atlanta

In the 864 election the democratic party nominated ____ to oppose lincolns re-election

McClellan

In the 1864 election Abraham Lincolns running mate was

Andrew Johnson

Group in the north most dangerous to union cause was

northern peace democrats

In the election of 1864, republicans joined with pro-war democrats and created the ____ party

union

The Battle of Gettysburg was significant because

union victory meant southern cause was doomed

Robert E Lee decided to invade the North through Pennsylvania in order to

deliver a decisive blow that would strengthen the norther peace movement

The confederacy enlisted slaves into the army

a month before the war ended

African Americans who fought for the union in the civil war

were brave and suffered extremely heavy casualties

During the civil war

blacks were enlisted in the union army only after the emancipation proclamation

When issued in 1863, the emancipation proclamation declared only free slaves in

the states in rebellion

The emancipation proclamation had the effect of

strengthening the moral cause and diplomatic position of the union

Slavery was legally abolished in the US

by the 13th amendment

The northern victory at Antietam allowed lincoln to

issue the emancipation proclamation

The battle of Antietam was particularly critical because it

probably prevented intervention by British France on behalf of the confederacy

The two major battles of the civil war fought on union soil were

Gettysburg, Antietam

After halting Lee's troops at Antietam, General George McClellan

was removed from field command

Confederate blockade runner, the Merrimack, was

destroyed by confederate soldiers

Most alarming confederate threat to union blockade came from the

Iron clad ship, Merrimack

Britain didn't protest too loudly to unions naval blockade of confederacy because

Britain might want to use similar blockade in future war

As a result of confederate victory in the Peninsula campaign

union turned to strategy of total war

After the peninsula campaign union strategy included all of the following except

bypassing the confederate capital at Richmond

As a result of union loss in Peninsula Campaign

Lincoln began to draft the emancipation proclamation

After assuming command of Potomac Army, General George McClellan made the mistake of

consistently beleiving his enemy out numbered him

George McClellan is bes described as

cautious

Unions defeat at the battle of bull run in 1861 was better than victory because

defeat caused North to face up to a reality of a long and difficult war

The the civil war, south won the

battle of bull run

South victory at the battle of bull run in 1861

reduced enlistments in the souths army

At the beginning of the civil war, president Lincoln favored

quick military action to show folly of secession

Reconstruction might have been more successful if

Thadeus Stevens radical program of drastic economic reforms and stronger protection of political rights have been enacted

In 1867 Secretary of State Seward accomplished an endearing success in foreign affairs when he

purchased Alaska from Russia

Many feminist leaders were disappointed at the 14th amendment because

it failed to give women the right to vote

Radical congressional reconstruction of the south finally ended when

The last of the federal troops were removed in 1877

The 14th amendment

Prohibited ex-confederate leaders from holding public office

The 14th amendment guaranteed

citizenship to freed slaves

The first ex-confederate state to ratify the 14th amendment

Tennessee

One of the most troubling aspects of the southern states restoration of the union for congressional republicans was

the south would be stronger than ever in national politics

The black codes seemed to indicate that

the north really didn't win the war

The main purpose of the black codes were to

ensure a stable labor supply

President Johnson's plan for reconstruction

took away the right to vote from confederate leaders and wealthy planters

That the southern states were conquered provinces and therefore at the mercy of congress for readmission to the union was the view of

congressional republicans

As a politician Andrew Johnson developed as

a champion of the poor whites

In Johnson's view the Freedman's bureau was

an agency that should be killed

The south viewed the freedman's bureau as

a meddlesome agency that threatened to upset white racial dominance

the greatest achievements of the freedman's bureau were in

education

In 165 southern blacks often began

traveling to test freedom, search for family members, and search for economic opportunities

Freedom for southern blacks at the end of the civil war

came haltingly and unevenly in different parts of the conquered confederacy

the post war south

economy was utterly devastated

The fate of the confederate leaders after 1865 was that

all were eventually pardoned

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