dense, uniform smooth bone.
composed of small needlelike pieces of bone and lots of open space, allows for structure and support with little weight.
generally cube shaped and mostly spongy bone.
Thin, flattened, usually curved bone. 2 layers of compact bone sandwhiching a layer of spongy bone and red marrow. skill, ribs, sternum.
longer than wide, a shaft with ehads at both ends. Made up mostly of compact bone, red/yellow marrow. femur, humerous.
bone that doesnt fall into the any other group of bone, like hip and vertebrae bones.
shaft of long bone, made up mostly of compact bone.
thin layer of compact bone covering spongy bone.
found in the cavity of the shaft - storage area for adipose (fat) tissue. (plates)
located in spongy bones of adults, mainly a fat storage which can be used as an energy reserve.
the process of bone formation
Bone builders - rebuild/form bone cells.
composed of cells that can contract. There are three types of this tissue, SKELETAL, SMOOTH, and CARDIAC.
contains cells that can send/receive messages sent from the brain. These cells are called neurons, make body functions and movements possible.
consists of layers that line/cover all internal and external body surfaces, these cells are tightly bound together. varies in thickness and arrangements depending on location.
binds, supports, and protects structures in the body. bone, cartilage, tendons, fat, blood, nymph. Embedded in matrix, which can be solid, semisolid, or liquid.
What are nerve cells called?
cavity that encases the brain.
encases the spinal chord
wall of muscle separating the 2 main cavities in the trunk of the human body.
contains the heart, the esophagus, and all organs of the respiratory system.
contains the digestive, reproductive, and excretory systems.
membrane that covers the surface of the bone, contains a network of blood vessels that supply nutrients and nerves, which signal pain.
blood vessels run through these canals, creating a network that provides nutrients and nourishment to the bone.
Embedded within the layers surrounding Haversian Canals, regulate calcium and send signals. What an osteoblast turns into after being trapped within the bone.
soft tissue, can be either red or yellow.
produces red/white blood cells, found at the ends of long bones, spongy bone, ribs, vertebrae, sternum, and the pelvis.
prevents movement, found in the skull.
permit limited movement, hold bones of the vertebral column in place, allow the body to bend and twist.
enable the body to move in a wide variety of movements and activities. these types of joints include many other categories
found in the elbow, allows you to move your arm forewards and backwards like a door.
found in the shoulder, allow bones to move around, in a full circle, as well as forewards, backwards, up and down.
allows bone to be turned side to side, like when you're shaking your head.
found at the base of each thumb, allows rotation of thumbs and allows you to grasp objects.
allows bones to slide over one-another, like in the wrist.
tough bands of connective tissue that hold joints in place.
lubricating fluid found in joints to prevent excess friction.
develops when the immune system begins to attack body tissues (type of arthritis)
degenerative joint disease in which the cartilage covering the surface of bone becomes thinner and rougher, severe discomfort results.