A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
An attempt to defeat a bill in the senate by talking indefinitely, thus preventing the senate from taking action on the bill.
Political districts in which candidates elected to the House of Representatives win close elections, typically by less than 55 percent of the vote.
Districts in which incumbents win by margins of 55 percent or more.
An alliance between Republican and conservative Democrats.
The legislative leader elected by party members holding the majority of seats in the House or the Senate.
The Legislative leader elected by party members holding a minority of seats in the House or the Senate.
A senator or representative who helps the party leader stay informed about what party members are thinking.
A vote in which a majority of Democratic legislators oppose a majority of Republican legislators.
An association of congress members created to advance a political ideology or a regional, ethnic, or economic interest.
Permanently established legislative committees that consider and are responsible for legislation within a certain subject area.
congressional committees appointed for a limited time and purpose.
committees on which both senators and representative serve.
A joint committee appointed to resolve differences in the Senate and House versions of the same bill.
A legislative bill that deal with matters of general concern.
A legislative bill that deals only with specific, private, personal, or local matters.
An expression of opinion either in the House or Senate to settle procedural matters in either body.
An expression of opinion without the force of law that requires the approval of both the House and the Senate, but not the president.
A formal expression of congressional opinion that must be approved by both houses of Congress and by the president; constitutional amendments need not be signed by the president.
A congressional process whereby a bill may be referred to several important committees.
A congressional process by which a Speaker may send a bill to a second committee after the first is finished acting.
A device by which any member of the House, after a committee has had the bill for thirty days, may petition to have it brought to the floor.
An order from the House Rules Committee that sets a time limit on debate; forbids a bill from being amended on the floor.
An order from the House Rules Committee that permits a bill to be amended on the floor.
An order from the House Rules Committee that permits certain kinds of amendments but not others to be made into a bill on the floor.
The minimum numbers of members who must be present for business to be conducted in Congress.
A roll call in either house of Congress to see whether the minimum number of representatives required to conduct business is present.
A rule used by the Senate to end or limit debate.
A procedure to keep the Senate going during a filibuster in which the disputed bill is shelved temporarily so that the Senate can get on with other business.
A congressional voting procedure in which members shout "yea" in approval or "nay" in disapproval, permitting members to vote quickly or anonymously on bills.
A congressional voting procedure in which members stand and are counted.
A congressional voting procedure in which members pass between two tellers, the "yeas" first and the "nays" second.
A congressional voting procedure that consists of members answering "yea" or "nays" to their names.
Legislation that gives tangible benefits to constituents in several districts of states in the hope of winning their votes in return.
The ability of members to mail letters to their constituents free of charge by substituting their facsimile signature for passage.