religious images used by eastern christians to aid their devotions
Roman Catholic, followed Bishop who became the Pope, has purgatory, and had new form of Latin Language both qualties unlike East Europes Byz. Church
After Romes fall: it was divided into many kingdoms. went backwards, forgot technology and governing techniques, forgot art/architectural techniques
Byzantine emperor in the 6th century A.D. who reconquered much of the territory previously ruler by Rome, initiated an ambitious building program, including Hagia Sofia, founded Caesaro-Papism, made an effort to recover the lost Western provinces but failed at reuniting the empire. He wanted to restore the Roman Empire, but out of Constantinople instead of Rome. Preserved Roman law by codiefying it(ruled 527-565)
Muslims attacked Constantinople in theis year by land and sea. Byz. came close to difeat, yet reppelled them with secret tool: Greek Fire. One of the most important victorys in history as only constantinople stood between the rest of Europe which couldn't resist them if Muslims used city as jumping off point
Warriors from Scandinavia who raided much of coastal Europe in the eighth to tenth centuries. They traveled in boats with high bows and sterns, carefully designed for either rough seas or calm waters. Eventually some settled in the countries they plundered and established new societies.
(980-1015)important ruler of Kievan Russia, first 10 yr.s of reign in battle field, pushing borders into Poland and Baltic coast, and campaigned successfully against nomads, and adopted Christianity as countrys official religion in 988
Battle of Manzikert in Asia Minor, Turks difeated the Byz. in 1071, will never recover, and will be catalyst for first crusade
founded by Francis of Assisi, who was a play-boy till he got sick and reexamined his life, gave up his things and embraced god. Friars, based off him, go from town to town preaching.
code of conduct for knights and nobles saying knights should protect women and fight honerably. For noble cause and avoif unfair adanatages, basis for etiquette and table manners today
establishedby Hugh Capetian who set stage for the first storng developed French monarchy. Which developed through gov. agencies and stregthening control on fiefs. The first successfull of these kings was: A Capetian King Philip 2nd, got land, fought battles with England and had his successors continue expansions till French monarchy controlled most of France by 1328
English poet remembered as author of the Canterbury Tales one of the first to write in Vernacular(1340-1400)