Cell Reproduction

29 terms by noeckeal 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads


A chromosome that carries information about an organism ex) hair color, eye color etc, but does not determine sex


Structure in the center of a chromosome that holds 2 chromatids together and allows chromosomes to connect to spindle fibers


1 of the 2 condensed strands of a chromosome; has an exact copy

Sex Chromosome

Determines if an organism will be male or female; either X or Y


A cell that has 2 sets of genetic information, one from a mother, one from a father


Having 1 set of chromosomes; sperm, egg or bacterial cells

Homologous Chromosomes

Having the same type of information in 2 different chromosomes; same size and shape


A picture of an organisms chromosomes, can be used to determine the sex or genetic disorders


rod shaped structure in a cell made of DNA and protein


When a dipliod reproductive cell goes through divisions to decrease the number of chromosomes by half


Reproductive cells that are haploid (egg and sperm cells)

Genetic Recombination

Genetic material that has been mixed, producing unique offspring

Independent Assortment

Random distribution of genes on homologous chromosomes during anaphase I of meiosis I, resulting in genetic recombination.


The process of meiosis that produces sperm cells.


The process of meiosis that produces 1 egg cell and 3 polar bodies.

Asexual Reproduction

Producing offspring from one parent. Offspring are genetically identical to the parent.

Sexual Reproduction

Producing of offspring by the joining of a sperm and egg cell, which are products of meiosis.


Pairing of homologous chromosomes during prophase I in meiosis I.


A pair of homologous chromosomes that come together during meiosis


When parts of chromatids break off and reattach to their homologous


Chromosomes line up in the center of the cell; karyotypes are often made by looking at this stage


The division of a cell's nucleus

Cell Cycle

The continuous events that make up the life of a cell


the division of the cytoplasm of a cell, occurs during cell reproduction


A stage of cell growth (G1), maturation, DNA replication (S), and preperation for cell division (G2)


The stage during which chromosomes condense, spindle fibers are formed, and the nuclear membrane breaks down


Chromosomes move apart to opposite sides of the dividing cell by separating at the centromere


Cell membrane pinches in; Nuclear membrane starts to form, chromosomes unravel, spindle fibers disassemble

Binary Fission

The simple way in which prokaryotic organisms produce offspring cells

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set