This is the center for motor speech control:
Broca's area is located:
within the frontal lobe of the language=dominant hemisphere of the brain
Damage to this area causes "broken" speech; wanting to speak but articulation doesn't work, it's very slow
This is a center responsible for both understanding and formulating speech:
Wernicke's area is located:
in the temporal lobe
Damage to this area causes words that don't make sense together.
This is a sensorimotor disorder of speech -- impaired ability to position the speech muscles & sequence the muscle movements necessary for volitional speech:
apraxia of speech
Clients with this disorder may exhibit sound substitutions & distortions, groping articulation, and lack of volitional control of the oral mechanism for speech production:
apraxia of speech
This is a group of motor speech disorders caused by various diseases -- associated with muscle weakness, paralysis or discoordination:
Types of this disorder include spastic, FLACCID, hyperKINETIC, hypokinetic, ataxic, unilateral upper motor neruon & mixed, and all aspects of speech may be affected:
This is a non-progressive neuromotor disorder resulting from brain damage around the time of birth:
Types of this disorder include spastic, ATHETOID, ataxic, RIGID and mixed.
A malformation of the lip or palate is called a:
A cleft may be caused by :
genetic or environmental factors
This malformation may cause articulation & phonological problems, resonance problems, & voice problems.
What are the 3 types of hearing impairment?
conductive, sensorineural, or mixed
Clients with hearing impairment may exhibit problems with:
articulation, resonance, prosody, and voice
This is interrupted transmission of sound to the cochlea.
Conductive hearing loss
The common cause of conductive hearing loss is:
otitis media, or middle ear infections
This results when hair cells of the cochlea or fibers of the acoustic nerve are damaged.
Sensorineural hearing loss
Sensorineural hearing loss can be caused by:
the aging process, loud noise, accidents, viruses, infections, drugs, or injury
Limited movement of the tongue tip due to an abnormally short lingual frenulum is called:
The approximants category includes:
liquids and glides
Morrison & Shriberg (1992) researched this:
compared artic testing of single word to conversational testing
In this research, 61 subjects were tests both ways: words or conversation
Morrison & Shriberg - 1992
You get a more natural sample of artic skills with this type of testing:
Duboise & Bernthal -1978 studied:
continuous speech pictures, modeled continuous speech stories & spontaneous picture naming
The results of this study showed that errors showed up in spontaneous speech that didn't in other types:
Duboise & Bernthal -1978
In Duboise & Bernthal's study (1978), errors showed up in ______ ________ that didn't in other types.
The findings of the Duboise & Bernthal study (1978) suggest that:
conversational speech is the most natural method. However, need to do more than that because it may not test all phonemes.
Because conversation may not test all phonemes, a solution is to:
use materials in the sample that increase likelihood of getting a wide variety of phonemes.
What are some preschool conversational articulation testing materials?
Dolls & clothes, dishes, house & furniture, garage with vehicles
Using toys to engage the child in play conversation is an example of what:
conversational articulation training for preschoolers
Having a child retell a story, (your own or the SIS) is an example of:
Conversational articulation testing for preschoolers
What are 3 methods of conversational articulation testing for school age children?
conversational sample (interests & hobbies) , show pictures and have child explain them, have them retell stories from the SIS GFTA
What are some conversational articulation testing methods for adults?
conversation (occupation, family, hobbies), reading popular magazines, tap on tape recorder for errors, etc.
Giving the client a few words that contain the error phoneme and asking them to produce it correctly is an example of:
informal stimulability testing
When doing stimulability testing, what phonemes do you test?
only those phonemes that were shown to be in error