The tremendously rapid growth of American cites in the post civil war decades was...
a trend that affected Europe as well .
The major factor in drawing country people off the farms into the big cities was...
the availabilty of industrial jobs .
One of the early symbols of the dawning era of consumerism in urban eras was...
the rise of large department store .
Prevalent in the move to the cities were...
Slums, dumbbell tenements, flophouses and the Lung Block .
The new immigrants who came to the United States after 1880 were...
culturally different from previous immigrants .
Most new immigrants came to escape..
the poverty and backwardness of Southern Italy .
'Birds of Passage' were..
people who came to America to work for a short period of time and then returned to Europe .
Most new immigrants..
tried to preserve their Old Country culture in America .
In the new urban environment most liberal Protestants...
rejected biblical liberalism and adapted religious ideas to modern culture .
The Darwinism theory of organic evolution through natural selection..
Affected religion by creating split between religious conservatives who denied evolution and accomadationist who supported it .
Settlement House such as Hull House engaged in..
child care, instruction of English, Cultural activities, social reform lobbying .
The big city offered the greatest opportunities for American women..
between 1865 and 1900 .
In the 1890s positions for women as secretaries, department store clerks, and telephone workers were...
reserved for the native born .
Labors unions favored immigration restriction because most of the immigrants were..
used as strikebreakers, willing to work for lower wages, Difficult to unionize, Non-english speaking .
The American Protective Association supported..
immigration restrictions .
Roman Catholics responded...
favorably to new immigrants .
Modern American Universities tended..
to de-emphasize religious and moral instruction in favor of practical subjects and professional specialization .
The pragmatists were..
a school of American philosophers who emphasized the provisional and fallible nature of knowledge and value of ideas that solved problems .
Americans offered growing support for a free public education system because..
they accepted the idea that a free government cannot function without educated citizens .
Booker T. Washington believed..
the key to political and civil rights for African Americans was economic independence .
As a leader of the African American community Booker T. Washington..
promoted black self help but did not challenge segregation .
promoted the idea of the talented tenth .
The 'talented tenth philosophy' was..
that a talented tenth of American Blacks should lead the race to full social and political equality .
complete equality for African Americans .
The Morrill Act of 1862...
granted public lands to states to support higher education .
The post Civil War era..
witnessed an increase in compulsory school attendence laws .
The the decades after the Civil War..
college education for women came more common .
Colleges formed in the post Civil War era include:
The University of California, Johns Hopkins,University of Chicago and Stanford .
During the industrial revolution,
life expectancy measurably increased .
The public library movement across America was..
greatly aided by the financial support of Andrew Carnegie .
American newspapers expanded by...
printing sensational stories of sex and scandal .
Henry George believed that...
the root of social inequality and social injustice lay in landowners who gained unearned wealth from rising land values .
Henry George also felt that..
the windfall real estate profits caused by rising land prices should be taxed at 100 percent rate by the government .
General Lewis Wallace's book Ben Hur..
defended Christianity versus Darwinism .
Several late nineteenth century writers came to prominence...
Lewis Wallace, Horatio Alger, Henry James, William Howells .
American novelist turn from romanticism and transcendentalist to rugged social realism reflected..
the materialism and conflicts of the new industrial society .
Mark Twain, William Dean Howell, Stephen Crane, and Kate Chopin were...
post civil war writers that reflected the increased attention to social problems of those from less affluent backgrounds .
In the course of the late 19th century..
family size gradually declined .
advocates of women's suffrage argued that the vote would enable women to extend their roles as mothers and homemakers to the public world .
One of the most important factors leading to an increased divorce rate in the late 19th century was..
the stress of urban life .
Although women wanted the right to vote it...
was a segregated fight .
The National American Woman Suffrage Association...
limited its membership to whites .
The growing prohibition movement especially reflected...
the concerns of middle class women .
The term richardsonian in the late 19th century pertained to...
During industrialization Americans increasingly...
shared a common and standard popular culture .
Basketball, bicycling, croquet, and college football were..
all developed in the decades following the civil war .