Root test 1

Created by Roelito-2007 

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30 terms · Aqueous solutions. . .

Soluble or Insoluble?
Li⁺, Na⁺, K⁺
Exceptions

Soluble
No Exceptions

Soluble or Insoluble?
NO₃⁻
HCO₃⁻
ClO₃⁻
Exceptions?

Soluble
No Exceptions

Soluble or Insoluble?
Halides Cl⁻ Br⁻ I⁻

Exceptions?

Soluble . . . EXCEPT:
Ag⁺
Hg₂⁺²
Pb⁺²

Soluble or Insoluble?
Rb⁺
Cs⁺
NH4⁺

Exceptions?

Soluble

NO EXCEPTIONS

Soluble or Insoluble?
SO₄

Exceptions?

Soluble. . .EXCEPT
Ag⁺
Hg₂⁺²
Pb⁺²
Ca⁺²
Ba⁺²
Sr⁺²

Soluble or Insoluble?
CO₃⁻²

Exceptions?

INSOLUBLE
but SOLUBLE when with:
Alkali and NH₄

Soluble or Insoluble?
PO₄⁻³

Exceptions?

INSOLUBLE
but SOLUBLE when with:
Alkali and NH₄

Soluble or Insoluble?
CrO₄⁻²

Exceptions?

INSOLUBLE
but SOLUBLE when with:
Alkali and NH₄

Soluble or Insoluble?
S⁻²

Exceptions?

INSOLUBLE
but SOLUBLE when with:
Alkali and NH₄

Soluble or Insoluble?

OH⁻

Exceptions?

INSOLUBLE
but soluble when with:
Alkali and Ba⁺²

How many atoms in a:
Simple Cubic Cell
Body Centered Cubic Cell
Face Centered Cubic Cell

1 Atom
2 Atom
4 Atom

What are the four attractive force types in order of strong to weak?

Ionic
Hydrogen bond->Polar Molec.
Dipole-------->Polar Molec.
Dispersion

When dealing with intermolecular forces, the IONIC attractive force type has what characteristics?

High MP/BP
HIGH IMAF strength.

When dealing with intermolecular forces, the HYDROGEN BOND attractive force type has what characteristics?

ONLY POLAR Molecules
HIGH EN with FON elements
Moderate IMAF strength
Moderate BP/MP

When dealing with intermolecular forces, the DiPOLE-DiPOLE attractive force type has what characteristics?

ONLY POLAR molecules
Moderately Weak IMAF
Low MP/BP

When dealing with intermolecular forces, the London Dispersion attractive force type has what characteristics?

NONPOLAR substances
WEAK IMAF strength
LOW MP/BP

Define: Strong Electrolyte

A substance that dissolves in water to form a good conductor of electricity.

What are the characteristics of a Brønsted Acid?

An acid that Ionizes COMPLETELY in an aqueous solution.
React with some metals to produce Hydrogen Gas.
Also label as: Weak Acid or Strong Acid.

What do Monoprotic, Diprotic, and Triprotic refer to?

Brønsted Acids with one, two, or three Hydrogens.

A reaction with these characteristics is classified as what type of reaction:
-Gaining or losing of Oxygen Atoms (NOT IN H)
-On one side in elemental form, on the other as an ion or in a compound.

Redox Reaction

-Combination Reaction sl-s
-Decompostion Reaction ss-g
-Combustion Reaction sg-g
-Displacement reaction (halogen, Hydrogen, metal)

Do you recognize this reaction type?
The formation of a solid as a product from two aqueous solutions.

Precipitation Reaction

Do you recognize this reaction type?
Look for the formation of a salt (soluble or insoluble) AND H₂O.

Acid-Base Reaction

Do you recognize this reaction type?
Look for a metal carbonate, MetalCO₃, (or bicarbonate) and a strong acid as reactants and water and CO₂ gas as products

Gas Producting

When balancing the half reactions of a Redox Reaction equation, complete the following letter in the COHEB acronym :
C

Balance the compounds for all elements except O and H.

When balancing the half reactions of a Redox Reaction equation, complete the following letter in the COHEB acronym :
O

Balance O by adding OH(L)

When balancing the half reactions of a Redox Reaction equation, complete the following letter in the COHEB acronym:
H

Balance H⁺ by adding H⁺(aq)

When balancing the half reactions of a Redox Reaction equation, complete the following letter in the COHEB acronym:
E

Balance each half-reaction for charge by adding Electrons (e⁻)

When balancing the half reactions of a Redox Reaction equation, complete the following letter in the COHEB acronym :
B

Balance the total electrons e⁻ for both half reactions. Multiply each half reaction by the appropriate factor.

Finally: Check and BALANCE for MASS and CHARGE.

When balancing the half reactions of a Redox Reaction equation, complete the following letter in the COHEB - OH approach:
OH

Add OH on both sides of the equation to neutralize the H⁺(aq)

Research Relative Strength of IMF's

Ion-Ion (Ionic bond)
Covalent Bond
ion Dipole
Hydrogen Bond
Dipole-Dipole
Ion-Induced Dipole
Dipole Induced Dipole
Dispersion

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