Chapter 16 Vocabulary - Civil and Criminal Law

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Chapter 16 Vocab, Civil and Criminal Law, in Civics Today NC textbook

Plaintiff

a person or party filing a lawsuit

Defendant

an individual or group being sued or charged with a crime

Injunction

a court order commanding a person or group to stop a certain action

Complaint

a formal notice that a lawsuit is being brought

Summons

a notice directing someone to appear in court to answer a complaint or a charge

Crime

an act that breaks a law and causes harm to people or society in general

Arraignment

a hearing in which a suspect is charged and pleads guilty or not guilty

Testimony

the statement a witness makes under oath

Cross-examine

to question a witness at a trial or a hearing to check or discredit the testimony

Acquittal

a vote of not guilty

Hung jury

a jury that cannot agree on a verdict

Juvenile

a person not yet legally an adult

Juvenile delinquent

a child or teenager who commits a serious crime or repeatedly breaks the law

Rehabilitate

to correct a person's behavior

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