Hebrew, nomadic, Bedowin people that were once enslaved by the Egyptians and freed by Moses. They wandered the Sinai desert for forty years, during which they developed their religious,moral, social, and legal traditions, which were written down in the Talmud.
entailed freeing of all slaves, equality before the law, prohibition of murder and theft, and sanctity of human life
said: "The Gentiles, rather than the Jews, will inherit Jerusalem."
Saint John Chrysostom
said: "It is the duty of all Christians to hate the Jews."
said: "First, their synagogues or churches should be set on fire, second, their homes should also be destroyed, thirdly, they should be deprived of their prayer books, finally, their rabbis must be forbidden under pains of death to teach their religion."
4th Lateran Council
sanctioned the inquisition
place where Jews were forced to live
said: "The Jews are a parasitic waste."
viewed the Jews as a weak link in society which would eventually fall by the wayside
said: "Everything Jewish was demonic and black, everything German was white and pure."
Protocols of the Elders of Zion
Ultra conservatives in Europe used these to fan their hatred of the Jews
contended that the Jews introduced into civilization unnatural concepts such as humanism, equality, liberalism, compassion, and conscience - believed that this was done to weaken resistance of the people so that the Jews could take over.
secret society that formed the Nazi party in 1918, racist and violently anti-semitic, chose the swastika as its symbol, because it means dominance
founder of the Thule Society
created the German Workers Party out of the Thule society in 1919
German Workers Party
party that evolved from the Thule Society in 1919, evolved into the Nazi Party
evolved from the German Workers Party, by 1930, this party had membership of over 2,500,000, and it had gained 107 seats in the Reichstag
German version of Congress
President of Germany that died, then was replaced by Hitler
1934- Hitler suspends all elections, and begins to accelerate his genocidal programs
head of German Air force
Top party leader, besides Hitler
Editor of Der Stumer, Nazi magazine
Commander of the secret police, also placed in charge of the Final Solution
September of 1935- laws announced at a Nazi rally that changed the status of Jews in Germany. They cancelled the citizenship of Jews, forbade marriage or sexual relations between Jews and Aryans, and defined what a Non-Aryan, a mishling, and a Jew was. Jewish teachers were dismissed, and Jewish shops were marked with a J or Jude
person with one Jewish grandparent
Person with two Jewish grandparents
Person with three of more Jewish Grandparents
"Night of Broken Glass" November 10, 1938 - state-sponsored revenge for the assassination of a German diplomat by a Polish-Jew whose parents were exported out of Germany. Nazi SA destroyed Jewish property and arrested 35,000 Jews, killing some as well. 7,500 Jewish shops were looted and destroyed, and 600 synagogues were burned. On top of that, the Jewish community was forced to to pay the cost of 1 billion Marx for the damages
Nazi plan to get rid of the Jews by expelling them to either the Middle East of Madagascar
Hitler to Himmler (March, 1941) - called for the execution of all Soviet officials, including all communists and Jews
organization that handled the invasion of Russia in 1941,controlled by the SS and achieved their objective through the use of killing vans
commander of the Einsatzgruppen
person whom the extermination plan, previously handled by Otto Ohlendorf, was placed under control of.
January, 1942 - Reinhardt Heydrich meets with other Nazi leaders to assemble all necessary information for the commencement of the extermination of Jews. Decision: to liquidate the Jews
where the meeting to decide on the final solution was held
gas used in the gas chambers to exterminate the Jews
person whom Himmler informed to make Auschwitz a death camp
leading death camp in terms of Jews killed - roughly 2,000,000 million Jews were killed here.